Alessandra Pecorelli

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The scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-B1) plays an important role in meditating the uptake of HDL-derived cholesterol and cholesteryl ester in the liver and steroidogenic tissues. In addition to being ubiquitous, SR-B1 is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor in many tissues, though the mechanism by which SR-B1 does this is unclear. Other than its(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a main risk factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but only 20% of smokers develop COPD, suggesting genetic predisposition. Animal studies have shown that C57BL/6J mice are sensitive to CS and develop emphysema, whereas Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice are not. To investigate the potential factors responsible(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT, MIM 312750) is a rare and orphan progressive neurodevelopmental disorder affecting girls almost exclusively, with a frequency of 1/15,000 live births of girls. The disease is characterized by a period of 6 to 18 months of apparently normal neurodevelopment, followed by early neurological regression, with a progressive loss of acquired(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces interferon (IFN) secretion and an antiviral state in murine peritoneal macrophages (PM). These cells secrete predominantly IFN-beta, as shown by neutralization assays with monoclonal antibodies. Secretion of IFN-beta is also induced in PM by IFN-gamma. LPS and IFN-gamma synergistically stimulated PM to produce IFN(More)
During the last decade, it has been shown that the activation of NRF2 and the binding to electrophile-responsive element (EpREs), stimulates the expression of a great number of genes responsible for the synthesis of phase I and phase II proteins, including antioxidants enzymes and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). This critical cell response occurs in(More)
Biological treatment of psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated pathology of huge social impact, has become a recent revolutionizing breakthrough in the management of the disease. Apart from anti-TNF-alpha biologics, recombinant proteins-inhibitors of the T lymphocytes-antigen presenting cells interaction, Efalizumab among them, have been(More)
Living organisms are continuously exposed to environmental pollutants. Because of its critical location, the skin is a major interface between the body and the environment and provides a biological barrier against an array of chemical and physical environmental pollutants. The skin can be defined as our first defense against the environment because of its(More)
Scavenger Receptor B1 (SR-B1), also known as HDL receptor, is involved in cellular cholesterol uptake. Stratum corneum (SC), the outermost layer of the skin, is composed of more than 25% cholesterol. Several reports support the view that alteration of SC lipid composition may be the cause of impaired barrier function which gives rise to several skin(More)
Electronic cigarettes (E-cigarettes) are devices that can vaporize a nicotine solution combined with liquid flavors instead of burning tobacco leaves. Since their emergence in 2004, E-cigarettes have become widely available, and their use has increased exponentially worldwide. E-cigarettes are aggressively advertised as a smoking cessation aid; as(More)
Mechanical loading and hydrostatic pressure (HP) regulate chondrocytes' metabolism; however, how mechanical stimulation acts remain unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in cartilage homeostasis, mechanotransduction, and in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated the effects of a cyclic HP (1-5 MPa), in both normal and(More)