Alessandra Pavan

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Prosaposin, the precursor of saposins A, B, C, and D, was recently identified as a neurotrophic factor in vitro as well as in vivo. Its neurotrophic activity has been localized to a linear 12-amino acid sequence located in the NH2-terminal portion of the saposin C domain. In this study, we show the colocalization of prosaposin and ganglioside GM3 on NS20Y(More)
The shedding of membrane vesicles from the cell surface is a vital process considered to be involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and in tumor progression. By immunoelectron microscopic analysis of surface replicas of 8701-BC human breast carcinoma cells, we observed that membrane vesicles shed from plasma membranes contained densely clustered(More)
Sindbis virus-infected baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells were analyzed by thin section fracture-label. Specific immunolabel with antiviral glycoprotein antibodies was used in conjunction with colloidal gold-conjugated protein A. As we previously reported (Torrisi, M. R., and S. Bonatti, 1985, J. Cell Biol., 101:1300-1306), Sindbis transmembrane glycoproteins(More)
A new mathematical model of short-term glucose regulation by insulin is proposed to exploit the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is commonly used for clinical diagnosis of glucose intolerance and diabetes. Contributions of endogenous and exogenous sources to measured plasma glucose concentrations have been separated by means of additional oral(More)
The present study reports the modulation of basement membrane (BM) components, laminin, entactin, and type IV collagen, expression in prepubertal rat Sertoli cell by the thyroid hormone T3. Immunocytochemical studies of permeabilized Sertoli cells in culture showed that T3 treatment (10[-7] M for 24 h) increased the number of cells staining positive for(More)
Ovarian carcinomas represent a major form of gynaecological malignancies, whose treatment consists mainly of surgery and chemotherapy. Besides the difficulty of prognosis, therapy of ovarian carcinomas has reached scarce improvement, as a consequence of lack of efficacy and development of drug-resistance. The need of different biochemical and functional(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) plays a significant role in glucose homeostasis through its incretin effect on insulin secretion. However, GLP-1 also exhibits extrapancreatic actions, and in particular its possible influences on insulin sensitivity are controversial. To study the dynamic action of GLP-1 on insulin sensitivity, we applied advanced(More)
1. Caveolins are integral proteins of glycolipid/cholesterol-rich plasmalemmal caveolae domains, where, they may function as a plasma membrane scaffold onto which many classes of signalling molecules, including receptors and heterotrimeric G proteins, can assemble. To ascertain whether caveolins influence G protein-mediated signal transduction, we stably(More)
In this study we analyzed by immunofluorescence, laser confocal microscopy, immunoelectron microscopy and label fracture technique the ganglioside distribution on the plasma membrane of several different cell types: human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), Molt-4 lymphoid cells, and NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, which mainly express monosialoganglioside GM3, and(More)
The surface ultrastructure of lymphocytes during capping of two transmembrane proteins is shown. As seen by fracture-flip the plasma membranes of human lymphocytes are covered by a high density of surface particles. Incubation in 30% glycerol leads to aggregation of these surface particles. Immunogold labelling shows that the transmembrane proteins bearing(More)
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