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Sequential determinations of glucose outflow and inflow, and rates of gluconeogenesis from alanine, before, during and after insulin-induced hypoglycemia were obtained in relation to alterations in circulating epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucagon, cortisol, and growth hormone in six normal subjects. Insulin decreased the mean (+/-SEM) plasma glucose from(More)
A major challenge confronting the pharmaceutical scientist is to optimize the selective and efficient delivery of new active entities and drug candidates. Successful drug development requires not only optimization of specific and potent pharmacodynamic activity, but also efficient delivery to the target site. Following advances in rational drug design,(More)
Autopsy examination confirmed the diagnosis of subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy (SNE) in a 7-month-old male infant who underwent several metabolic studies before death. Intermittent lactic acidemia and fumaric aciduria, an extreme hyperglycemic response to an intravenous bolus of alanine, and an elevated total body flux rate of glucose (58.4 mumoles(More)
Alloxan infused into the isolated perfused rat pancreas caused transient insulin secretion release. Alloxan poisoning also prevented subsequent induction of glucose-mediated unsulin release and also prevented the inhibition of glucagon release by glucose. Glucose or 3-O-methylglucose infused simultaneously with alloxan protected the alpha- and beta-cell,(More)
Hydrogen bonds are major forces of recognition in biochemistry and molecular pharmacology; they are an essential component of intermolecular interactions and determine to a significant extent the 3D-structure of bio-macromolecules. To explore three-dimensional H-bonding properties, a new tool called Molecular Hydrogen-Bonding Potentials (MHBPs) was created.(More)
An 8-month-old female, maintained on breast feeding for 6 months, experienced numerous attacks of hyperventilation when weaned to baby food and was admitted with severe lactic acidosis (20 mM) and hypoglycemia. Physical examination was negative except for hepatomegaly. Fasting (18 hr) after stabilization on a high carbohydrate diet resulted in hypoglycemia(More)
To determine the frequency of thyroxine (T4) toxicosis, we calculated a free triiodothyronine index (FT3I) on 124 patients who displayed elevations of the free T4 index (FT4I) on initial screening. If the clinical presentation was not characteristic of hyperthyroidism or if the FT3I was not elevated, a thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) test was performed.(More)