Alessandra Matavel

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A cDNA with 403 nucleotides encoding the precursor of the toxin PnTx2-6 was cloned and sequenced. Subsequent analysis revealed that the precursor begins with a signal peptide and a glutamate-rich propeptide. The succeeding peptide confirmed the reported sequence of PnTx2-6. The purified toxin exerted complex effects on Na(+) current of frog skeletal muscle.(More)
SeSAME/EAST syndrome is a channelopathy consisting of a hypokalemic, hypomagnesemic, metabolic alkalosis associated with seizures, sensorineural deafness, ataxia, and developmental abnormalities. This disease links to autosomal recessive mutations in KCNJ10, which encodes the Kir4.1 potassium channel, but the functional consequences of these mutations are(More)
Maurotoxin (MTX) is a 34-mer scorpion toxin cross-linked by four disulphide bridges that acts on various K(+) channels, including the voltage-gated Shaker B subtype. In the present study, we have investigated over 80 h: (1) the time-course of folding of synthetic MTX (sMTX) by CD analysis; (2) the kinetics of disulphide bridge formation by MS; and (3) the(More)
Neurotransmitter and hormone regulation of cellular function can result from a concomitant stimulation of different signaling pathways. Signaling cascades are strongly regulated during disease and are often targeted by commonly used drugs. Crosstalk of different signaling pathways can have profound effects on the regulation of cell excitability. Members of(More)
We performed the present experiments to study the action of crotamine, a toxin isolated from the venom of the South American rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus terrificus, on macroscopic Na+ currents in frog skeletal muscle by using the loose patch clamp technique. Crotamine at 50 microM increased the peak Na+ current by 50% (P < 0.05). In addition, the voltage(More)
The toxin PnTx4(5-5) from the spider Phoneutria nigriventer is extremely toxic/lethal to insects but has no macroscopic behavioral effects observed in mice after intracerebral injection. Nevertheless, it was demonstrated that it inhibits the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) - subtype of glutamate receptors of cultured rat hippocampal neurons. PnTx4(5-5) has 63%(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that Li(+) ions can substitute for Na(+) in a variety of functional systems. Using the single sucrose-gap recording technique, we measured the nerve compound action potential to study the effects of tityustoxin (an alpha-scorpion toxin that selectively inhibits fast Na(+) channel inactivation) upon removal of extracellular(More)
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