Alessandra M Albertini

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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
To estimate the minimal gene set required to sustain bacterial life in nutritious conditions, we carried out a systematic inactivation of Bacillus subtilis genes. Among approximately 4,100 genes of the organism, only 192 were shown to be indispensable by this or previous work. Another 79 genes were predicted to be essential. The vast majority of essential(More)
We have characterized strains of E. coli in which the lac region, together with varying amounts of surrounding DNA, is amplified 40 to 200 fold. The amplification events involve regions of 7 to 37 kb and result in a tandem array of repeated units. Restriction digest patterns of DNA from over 100 independent strains reveal that the amplified units are(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that the Arabidopsis thaliana AtMYB60 protein is an R2R3MYB transcription factor required for stomatal opening. AtMYB60 is specifically expressed in guard cells and down-regulated at the transcriptional levels by the phytohormone ABA. RESULTS To investigate the molecular mechanisms governing AtMYB60 expression, its(More)
Bacterial genomes contain 250 to 500 essential genes, as suggested by single gene disruptions and theoretical considerations. If this view is correct, the remaining nonessential genes of an organism, such as Bacillus subtilis, have been acquired during evolution in its perpetually changing ecological niches. Notably, approximately 47% of the approximately(More)
Using lacl-Z fusion strains of Escherichia coli we have devised systems that detect deletions of varying lengths. We examined deletions 700-1000 base pairs long, and genetically characterized over 250 spontaneous deletions. Of these, we analyzed 24 by direct DNA sequencing and 18 by inspection of restriction fragment patterns. Deletions of this size occur(More)
We developed a new colorimetric method, DNA enzyme immunoassay (DEIA), for detecting specific hybrids of complementary nucleic acids and applied it to the detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA amplified from serum samples by means of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. The method is based on the ability of an anti-DNA monoclonal antibody to(More)
The first genetic, in vivo, and in vitro evidences that YrxA is the regulator of NAD de novo biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis are hereby reported. The protein is essential to the transcription repression of the divergent operons nadBCA and nifS-yrxA in the presence of nicotinic acid and binds to their shared operator-promoter region.
aprX is a 1326 bp gene of Bacillus subtilis strain 168 that encodes a serine protease, probably intracellular, characterized by significant similarity with subtilisins, thermitases and pyrolysins. Transcription analysis, performed by RT-PCR and primer extension, allowed the localization of the active promoter and showed that aprX is expressed in stationary(More)
BACKGROUND Immobilized Penicillin G Acylase (PGA) derivatives are biocatalysts that are industrially used for the hydrolysis of Penicillin G by fermentation and for the kinetically controlled synthesis of semi-synthetic beta-lactam antibiotics. One of the most used supports for immobilization is glyoxyl-activated agarose, which binds the protein by reacting(More)