Alessandra Hubner de Souza

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Calcium influx through neuronal voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC S) mediates nociceptive information in the spinal dorsal horn. In fact, spinally administered VSCC S blockers, such as omega-conotoxin MVIIA, have analgesic effect apart of their low therapeutic index and many side effects. Here we study the analgesic potential of Ph alpha 1beta, a(More)
The effects of trans-resveratrol (1) were evaluated in acute nociception models induced by capsaicin or glutamate in mice, in an attempt to further characterize its mechanism of action. The oral administration of 1 (50 and 100 mg/kg) reduced significantly the licking behavior elicited by capsaicin (1.6 μg/paw) or glutamate (10 μmol/paw). The(More)
In spinal cord synaptosomes, the spider toxin PhTx3-4 inhibited capsaicin-stimulated release of glutamate in both calcium-dependent and -independent manners. In contrast, the conus toxins, ω-conotoxin MVIIA and ω-conotoxin MVIIC, only inhibited calcium-dependent glutamate release. PhTx3-4, but not ω-conotoxin MVIIA or ω-conotoxin MVIIC, is able to inhibit(More)
This study investigated whether the spinal or systemic treatment with the lipid resolution mediators resolvin D1 (RvD1), aspirin-triggered resolvin D1 (AT-RvD1) and resolvin D2 (RvD2) might interfere with behavioral and neurochemical changes in the mouse fibromyalgia-like model induced by reserpine. Acute administration of AT-RvD1 and RvD2 produced a(More)
Phα1β toxin is a peptide purified from the venom of the armed spider Phoneutria nigriventer, with markedly antinociceptive action in models of acute and persistent pain in rats. Similarly to ziconotide, its analgesic action is related to inhibition of high voltage activated calcium channels with more selectivity for N-type. In this study we evaluated the(More)
Voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCCs) underlie cell excitability and are involved in the mechanisms that generate and maintain neuropathic and inflammatory pain. We evaluated in rats the effects of two VSCC blockers, ω-conotoxin MVIIA and Phα1β, in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain induced with complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) and chronic(More)
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the pharmacological action of a calcium channel-blocking toxin from the venom of the spider Phonetic nigriventer, Tx3-4 on calcium channels coupled to exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Tx3-4 blocked KCl-induced exocytosis of synaptic vesicles with an IC50 of 1.1 nM. To investigate whether the target of Tx3-4(More)
Venom-derived peptides constitute a unique source of drug prototypes for the pain management. Many of them can modulate voltage-gated calcium channels that are central in the processing of pain sensation. PhTx3-4 is a peptide isolated from Phoneutria nigriventer venom, which blocks high voltage-activated calcium channels with low specificity, thereby(More)
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