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The objective of this study was to measure levels of the toxin microcystin in different tissues of fish known to feed on cyanobacteria during toxic bloom events. Wild Nile and redbreast tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia rendalli) were sampled from the catch of artisanal fishermen at eutrophic stations of Funil and Furnas reservoirs in southeastern(More)
A one year study was carried out in a tropical eutrophic reservoir (Pampulha Reservoir, Brazil). Species richness and diversity (Shannon–Wiener, H') were measured at two week intervals at one collection site. Indices were calculated on an individual, cell and biomass basis. Because of the relative importance of colonial species in this reservoir,(More)
Growth and reproduction of twoDaphnia species (Cladocera) from Lake Constance were measured experimentally in a through-flow laboratory system under different food conditions, in order to investigate the effect of food quality on zooplankton populations. The cryptomonadRhodomonas sp. and the diatomStephanodiscus hantzschii were used as food. BothDaphnia(More)
Although accumulation of the liver toxin microcystin in phytoplanktivorous fish has been demonstrated in captive fish and in natural ecosystems, the relation between microcystin in ingested algae and the pattern of buildup of microcystin in fish is poorly known. In this month-long study performed at a Brazilian fish farm, 45 mature Oreochromis niloticus(More)
Cyanobacteria produce a high variety of bioactive oligopeptides, which function, ecological, physiological roles and responses to environmental changes are still unclear. The influence of light intensity on the cell quota and the diversity of oligopeptides of two strains of the cyanobacterium Radiocystis fernandoii were experimentally tested. The peptides(More)
We have previously demonstrated in alveolar macrophages that aging is associated with a decline in lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha production. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the immunotoxicological consequences of this defective activation in an experimental model of acute silicosis. Young (3 months old) and old(More)
Microcystin is a common and well-known cyanobacterial toxin whose intracellular role is still under investigation. Increasing knowledge on microcystin gene expression and regulation can contribute to the understanding of its putative cellular function. In this work, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to investigate the transcriptional(More)
We investigated how the lipid composition (fatty acids and sterols) of benthic microbial mats, which represent an important basal food resource for stream food webs, differs between tropical streams located in protected pristine and agricultural Cerrado savannah areas. The total microbial biomass and lipid composition differed significantly between pristine(More)
The production of microcystin toxins by cyanobacteria is an intrapopulation feature and the toxic and nontoxic genotypes can be separated only through molecular analyses targeting the mcy markers. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is a procedure that has been established, not only to detect but to specifically quantify these genotypes. In the present work,(More)
Cyanobacteria can form blooms and in these situations they dominate the phytoplanktonic community, reaching extremely high densities. In the domain Bacteria, high population densities can stimulate a phenomenon known as quorum sensing, which may produce several modifications in the cell physiology. Very little is known about quorum sensing in Cyanobacteria.(More)