Alessandra Dondero

Learn More
The cross-talk among cells of the innate immunity can greatly affect both innate and adaptive responses. Here we analyzed the molecular interactions between human natural killer (NK) cells and autologous macrophages. Activated NK cells killed M0 and M2, whereas M1 macrophages were more resistant to lysis because of their higher expression of HLA class I(More)
In this study, cancer cells were isolated from tumor specimens of nine glioblastoma patients. Glioblastoma cells, cultured under suitable culture conditions, displayed markers typical of neural stem cells, were capable of partial multilineage differentiation in vitro, and gave origin to infiltrating tumors when orthotopically injected in NOD/SCID mice.(More)
In this study, we demonstrate the involvement of DNAM-1-triggering receptor and its ligands, poliovirus receptor (PVR) and Nectin-2, in natural killer (NK) cell-mediated lysis of dendritic cells (DCs). The surface expression of both ligands was up-regulated in DCs as compared to monocytes. It reached maximal densities after DC maturation induced by(More)
NKG2D and natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCR) are essential recognition structures that mediate NK cell activation. NKG2D and NCR signaling is achieved through membrane association with signaling adaptors. The adaptors that associate with NCR--such as CD3 zeta, FcR gamma and KARAP/DAP12--bear intracytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs(More)
In this study, in an attempt to identify neuroblastoma-associated surface antigens, we generated mAbs against the ACN neuroblastoma cell line. A mAb was selected (5B14) that reacted with all neuroblastoma cell lines analyzed and allowed detection of tumor cell infiltrates in bone marrow aspirates from neuroblastoma patients. In cytofluorimetric analysis,(More)
In recent years a number of studies allowed major advances in our understanding of different cell types of the innate immunity and of the role they play during the early phases of infections. Some of these cells, such as mast cells, endothelial cells and certain immature dendritic cells (iDCs), are resident within peripheral tissues, while others, including(More)
In this study, we analyzed IL-2-activated polyclonal natural killer (NK) cells derived from 2 patients affected by leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD1), an immunodeficiency characterized by mutations of the gene coding for CD18, the beta subunit shared by major leukocyte integrins. We show that LAD1 NK cells express normal levels of various(More)
The engagement of the activating isoforms of C-type lectin inhibitory receptor (CLIR) or killer Ig-like receptor (KIR) by their natural ligands, represented by soluble HLA-I (sHLA-I) molecules, induced programmed cell death of natural killer (NK) cells. Indeed, NK cell apoptosis elicited by either putative HLA-E and HLA-F (sHLA-I non-A, -B, -C, and -G) or(More)
Adoptive cellular immunotherapy has been proposed as an additional treatment of medulloblastoma, an intracranial tumor characterized by a particularly poor prognosis. However, little is known on the ability of the immune system to effectively attack this tumor. In this study, we show that activated human NK cells efficiently kill medulloblastoma cell lines(More)