Alessandra D'azzo

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Mouse models of the GM2 gangliosidoses [Tay-Sachs, late onset Tay-Sachs (LOTS), Sandhoff] and GM1 gangliosidosis have been studied to determine whether there is a common neuro-inflammatory component to these disorders. During the disease course, we have: (i) examined the expression of a number of inflammatory markers in the CNS, including MHC class II,(More)
GM1 gangliosidosis is a glycosphingolipid (GSL) lysosomal storage disease caused by a genetic deficiency of acid beta-galactosidase (beta-gal), the enzyme that catabolyzes GM1 within lysosomes. Accumulation of GM1 and its asialo form (GA1) occurs primarily in the brain, leading to progressive neurodegeneration and brain dysfunction. Substrate reduction(More)
Mitochondria-associated ER membranes, or MAMs, define the sites of endoplasmic reticulum/mitochondria juxtaposition that control Ca(2+) flux between these organelles. We found that in a mouse model of the human lysosomal storage disease GM1-gangliosidosis, GM1-ganglioside accumulates in the glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomain (GEM) fractions of MAMs,(More)
II3NeuAc-GgOse4Cer (GM1) gangliosidosis is an incurable lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency in acid beta-galactosidase (beta-gal), resulting in the accumulation of ganglioside GM1 and its asialo derivative GgOse4Cer (GA1) in the central nervous system, primarily in the brain. In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
Human GM1-gangliosidosis is caused by a genetic deficiency of lysosomal acid beta-galactosidase (beta-gal). The disease manifests itself either as an infantile, juvenile or adult form and is primarily a neurological disorder with progressive brain dysfunction. A mouse model lacking a functional beta-gal gene has been generated by homologous recombination(More)
In normal human fibroblasts, an enzymically active 85,000-dalton precursor form of beta-galactosidase is processed, via a number of intermediates, into a mature 64,000-dalton form. In addition there is an enzymically inactive 32,000-dalton component and its 54,000-dalton precursor. In fibroblasts from patients with a combined deficiency of(More)
GM1-ganglioside (GM1) is a major sialoglycolipid of neuronal membranes that, among other functions, modulates calcium homeostasis. Excessive accumulation of GM1 due to deficiency of lysosomal beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) characterizes the neurodegenerative disease GM1-gangliosidosis, but whether the accumulation of GM1 is directly responsible for CNS(More)
Subunit association of beta-hexosaminidase was studied in intact fibroblasts using antisera that discriminate between free and associated alpha-chains. These were anti-beta-hexosaminidase A (anti-alpha beta), which precipitated all alpha-chains, free or associated; anti-beta-hexosaminidase B (anti-beta beta), which precipitated those alpha-chains that were(More)
The "protective protein" is a glycoprotein that associates with lysosomal beta-galactosidase and neuraminidase and is deficient in the autosomal recessive disorder galactosialidosis. We have isolated the cDNA encoding human "protective protein". The clone recognizes a 2 kb mRNA in normal cells that is not evident in fibroblasts of an early infantile(More)
G(M1)-gangliosidosis is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by acid beta-galactosidase deficiency. Aside from the lysosomal beta-galactosidase enzyme, the beta-galactosidase gene also encodes the elastin-binding protein (EBP), deficiency in which impairs elastogenesis. Using expression studies and Western blots of COS-1 cells, we identified and(More)