Alessandra Colciago

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The enzyme 5alpha-reductase plays a key role on several brain functions controlling the formation of anxiolytic/anesthetic steroids derived from progesterone and deoxycorticosterone, the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, and the removal of excess of potentially neurotoxic steroids. Two 5alpha-reductase isoforms have been cloned:(More)
The enzyme 5 alpha-reductase (5 alpha-R) activates several delta 4-3keto steroids to more potent derivatives which may also acquire new biological actions. Testosterone gives rise to the most potent natural androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and progesterone to dihydroprogesterone (DHP), a precursor of the endogenous anxiolytic/anesthetic steroid(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate trophism depends on DHT formed from T by the enzyme 5alpha-R. Two 5alpha-R isoforms with different biochemical characteristics have been cloned. Also estrogens might contribute to the prostate growth; however, their intraglandular formation by the enzyme aromatase is still debated. The aim of the present study was to verify whether (a)(More)
Brain sexual differentiation is a complex developmental phenomenon influenced by the genetic background, sex hormone secretions and environmental inputs, including pollution. The main hormonal drive to masculinize and defeminize the rodent brain is testosterone secreted by the testis. The hormone does not influence sex brain differentiation only in its(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are industrial pollutants detected in human milk, serum and tissues. They readily cross the placenta to accumulate in fetal tissues, particularly the brain. These compounds affect normal brain sexual differentiation by mechanisms that are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to verify whether a technical(More)
BACKGROUND The presence and possible role of androgen-metabolizing enzymes in androgen-independent prostate carcinoma (CaP) are still unclear. The aim of the present study was: 1) to evaluate the pattern of androgen metabolism (relative production of 5alpha-reduced vs. 17-keto androgens); and 2) to analyze whether one or both the two known 5alpha-reductase(More)
The sex-related morphological differences of many brain nuclei are mainly determined by the hormonal environment present during embryonic development. These morphological differences are at the basis of the gender-specific secretion of many hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, of sexual and aggressive behavior, etc. It is known that, at least in rodents,(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are pollutants detected in animal tissues and breast milk. The experiments described in the present paper were aimed at evaluating whether the four PCB congeners most abundant in animal tissues (PCB-138, -153, -180 and -126), administered since fetal life till weaning, can induce long-term alterations of GH-axis activity and(More)
Estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) plays a protective role against uncontrolled cell proliferation. ERbeta is lost during prostate cancer (CaP) progression suggesting its direct involvement in contrasting tumor proliferation in this disease; however, the molecular mechanism at the basis of this effect has not been clearly defined yet. Possible molecular(More)
Dihydrotestosterone and estradiol, two active metabolites formed locally in the brain from testosterone, modulate several functions of the developing rat CNS; these compounds derive from the 5 alpha-reduction or the aromatization of the A-ring of the hormone. Also, progesterone and corticosteroids may be 5 alpha-reduced and subsequently 3(More)