Alessandra Cattaneo

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We describe a young man with acute portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, and we review the literature regarding the association between PVT and CMV in immunocompetent patients. Published data suggest that CMV hepatitis and, possibly, other types of acute viral hepatitis could be a local risk factor for acute PVT.
Artemisinins are safely used in the combination therapy for uncomplicated malaria, but their employment during pregnancy is still controversial. In fact, animal studies reported that the active metabolite, dihydroartemisinin (DHA), causes embryonic erythrocytes depletion, when the treatment is performed during a critical period of time. The present study(More)
In the present study bone mineral content (BMC) was measured at 1/3 and 1/10 the length of the radius from the distal end in 100 adult diabetic subjects (55 females, 45 males, 54 insulin-dependent [IDD], 46 non-insulin-dependent [NIDD]), using single photon absorptiometry. Each individual BMC value in the diabetics was first compared to normal BMC values(More)
Gadolinium (Gd) is used in contrast agents as it enhances magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals. To reduce Gd toxicity, it is chelated into linear or macrocyclic complexes. Eight Gd-containing contrast agents have been approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for use in MRI, and six by the US Food and Drug Administration. Stability depends upon(More)
Effects of long-term antiepileptic therapy on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis were evaluated from the basal and stimulated plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) and from circadian adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)/cortisol rhythms. Data for patients with well-controlled epilepsy of mild-to-moderate severity were compared with those for(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rare acquired disorder affecting renal insufficiency patients. There is a growing recognition of the association between the rapid rise in the use of gadolinium (Gd)-containing contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the occurrence of acute nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. This case report concerns a(More)
The role of alpha-adrenoceptors in the regulation of glucose-induced insulin release (GIR) was investigated in islets of normal and neonatally streptozotocin-injected non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats (STZ). In normal islets GIR was suppressed to approximately 50% by 10(-8) M of the alpha 2-adrenergic agonist UK 14304, whereas 10(-9) M of the agonist(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Increasing evidence that a number of malignancies are characterised by tumour cell heterogeneity has recently been published, but there is still a lack of data concerning liver cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate and characterise tumour-propagating cell (TPC) compartments within human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). (More)
Left ventricular function (LVF) was studied in 25 obese patients (four males and 21 females) by serial poligraphic measurements, namely systolic time intervals (STI), during a short period of dieting (2721 kJ/day (650 kcal/day) as single daily meal regimen). In the same period, all the patients underwent also three standardized exercise tests at the(More)
Eight obese patients (4 male, 4 female; mean age = 35.9 years) before [mean body mass index (BMI) = 37.1] and after (mean BMI = 31.4) weight loss by means of a mixed hypocaloric diet were compared with 8 lean subjects (4 male, 4 female; mean age = 37.1 years, mean BMI = 22.3) in a study of their nocturnal sleep patterns and sleep-related growth hormone (GH)(More)