Alessandra Bisagni

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BACKGROUND Previous studies detecting mutations in thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration (FNA) material differed with respect to the cytologic grading applied to the FNAs, the type of FNA material used, and the prevalence of mutations observed in the samples. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate these differences as possible reasons(More)
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer. It shows a wide spectrum of morphological presentations and the diagnosis could be challenging due to its high degree of dedifferentiation. Molecular and genetic features of ATC are widely heterogeneous as well and many efforts have been made to find a common profile in order(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether there are histopathologic features of negative temporal artery biopsy (TAB) that allow differentiation between patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) and those without. METHODS All consecutive patients with negative TAB seen between January 2009 and December 2012 were selected retrospectively. Demographic, clinical, and(More)
Assessment of biological diagnostic factors providing clinically-relevant information to guide physician decision-making are still needed for diseases with poor outcomes, such as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a promising molecule in the clinical management of NSCLC. While the EGFR transmembrane form has been(More)
OBJECTIVES There is increasing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) are deregulated in autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to identify if miRNAs are deregulated in giant cell arteritis (GCA), a vasculitis affecting large-sized and medium-sized arteries, and to determine if miRNA levels might allow to discriminate between patients(More)
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder predominantly involving the lungs, but poorly-recognized among clinicians and pathologists. It is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-driven disease mimicking several other diseases on clinical and radiological grounds, generally showing multiple, bilateral nodular, ill-defined(More)
AIMS Identification of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in lung adenocarcinomas is the single most important predictor of clinical response and outcome using EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). EGFR E746-A750del and L858R mutations are the most common gene alterations, also predicting the best clinical response to TKIs. We evaluated the(More)
Adenomas are the easily identifiable precursors of the vast majority of colorectal cancers. Some of their morphological features, such as dysplasia, are predictive of their biological evolution toward adenocarcinomas. A large body of evidence has demonstrated that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway is commonly activated in(More)
Oncogenic drivers in lung non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are considered mutually exclusive, but a review of the literature reveals that concomitant EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangement may occur in a subset of NSCLC. We report here a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with concomitant EGFR mutation in exon 21 (L858R) and ALK rearrangement in naive and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review presents an update on classification, diagnosis and potentially 'drugable' molecular alterations of small cell carcinoma (SCC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung. RECENT FINDINGS The main controversies in the classification of lung neuroendocrine tumors are: whether SCC and LCNEC should remain(More)