Alessandra Besana

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BACKGROUND The prevalence of genetic arrhythmogenic diseases is unknown. For the long-QT syndrome (LQTS), figures ranging from 1:20 000 to 1:5000 were published, but none was based on actual data. Our objective was to define the prevalence of LQTS. METHODS AND RESULTS In 18 maternity hospitals, an ECG was performed in 44 596 infants 15 to 25 days old (43(More)
1. The action potential clamp technique was exploited to evaluate the rate dependency of delayed rectifier currents (I(Kr) and I(Ks)) during physiological electrical activity. I(Kr) and I(Ks) were measured in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes at pacing cycle lengths (CL) of 1000 and 250 ms. 2. A shorter CL, with the attendant changes in action potential(More)
OBJECTIVE To gain some insight on the lesser arrhythmogenic properties of PST2744 [(E,Z)-3-((2-aminoethoxy)imino)androstane-6,17-dione hydrochloride] compared with digoxin, we compared modulation of intracellular Ca2+ dynamics by the two agents. METHODS SERCA (sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase) activity and Ca2+ leak rate were measured in sarcoplasmic(More)
(E,Z)-3-((2-Aminoethoxy)imino)androstane-6,17-dione hydrochloride (PST2744) is a novel Na(+)/K(+) pump inhibitor with positive inotropic effects. Compared with digoxin in various experimental models, PST2744 was consistently found to be less arrhythmogenic, thus resulting in a significantly higher therapeutic index. The present work compares the(More)
Vagal activity has protective effects in ischemic heart disease. We tested whether vagal stimulation (VS) could modulate the inflammatory reaction, a major determinant of cardiac injury after ischemia/reperfusion. Four groups of male rats underwent myocardial ischemia (30 minutes) and reperfusion (24 hours). One group underwent VS (40 minutes), 1 VS plus(More)
IMPORTANCE Intrauterine fetal death or stillbirth occurs in approximately 1 out of every 160 pregnancies and accounts for 50% of all perinatal deaths. Postmortem evaluation fails to elucidate an underlying cause in many cases. Long QT syndrome (LQTS) may contribute to this problem. OBJECTIVE To determine the spectrum and prevalence of mutations in the 3(More)
Beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists (β-blockers) are the therapy of choice for the long QT syndrome but their efficacy is not homogeneous: propranolol and nadolol are the most effective, whereas metoprolol is associated with more treatment failures. Propranolol has a blocking effect on the sodium current ("membrane-stabilizing" effect), and it has been(More)
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