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Spinal cord back shift has been considered the desired end point of posterior decompression procedures for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, the association with postoperative outcomes has not been definitively demonstrated. The aim of this review is to obtain an overview of the current knowledge on the spinal back shift after posterior(More)
BACKGROUND The reliability of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) as biochemical markers of heart failure in comparison to B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has not been investigated in depth. AIM To compare the correlations between IL-6, TNF, BNP plasma concentrations and some clinical and instrumental variables and their(More)
Cartilage defects represent a common problem in orthopaedic practice. Predisposing factors include traumas, inflammatory conditions, and biomechanics alterations. Conservative management of cartilage defects often fails, and patients with this lesions may need surgical intervention. Several treatment strategies have been proposed, although only surgery has(More)
Several tests have been described to examine the shoulder. However, there is a lack of consensus on clinical assessment of patients with shoulder pain and suspected rotator cuff pathology. This review reports the diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for rotator cuff pathology. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value,(More)
The pathogenesis of rotator cuff tears is multifactorial. Tendon abnormalities of the rotator cuff include alteration of collagen fiber structure, tenocytes, cellularity, and vascularity. Ruptured tendons show marked collagen degeneration and disordered arrangement of collagen fibers. Fibroblast population decreases as the size of the tear in the rotator(More)
Rotator cuff disease is among the most common musculoskeletal disorders with high direct and indirect costs in industrialized countries. Not all rotator cuff tears are symptomatic. Genetics has recently been investigated as a factor involved in the pathogenesis of rotator cuff pathology. Genetic factors seem to be involved in symptom presentation and tear(More)
The arthroscopic approach for rotator cuff repair is extensively used worldwide. Different repairing procedures have evolved with the aim of restoring anatomy and function of rotator cuff tendon. Several studies have analyzed biomechanical factors to understand their influence on tendon to bone healing and improve repair configurations. From a biomechanical(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, structured training programs for sports injury prevention ("The 11" and "The 11+") have been validated in soccer. The FIFA 11+ program has not been evaluated in basketball. HYPOTHESIS The FIFA 11+ program is effective in reducing the rates of injury in male basketball players. STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial; Level of(More)
The aims of this study were to obtain an overview of the methodological quality of studies on the measurement properties of rotator cuff questionnaires and to describe how well various aspects of the design and statistical analyses of studies on measurement properties are performed. A systematic review of published studies on the measurement properties of(More)
Rotator cuff tears are common, and lead to shoulder pain and functional impairment. Despite their frequency and related disability, etiology and pathogenesis are still debated. Multiple factors contribute to tears of the rotator cuff. Extrinsic factors are anatomic variables, such as acromial morphologic characteristics, os acromiale, and acromial spurs(More)