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INTRODUCTION Recent clinical data suggest that early administration of vasopressin analogues may be advantageous compared to a last resort therapy. However, it is still unknown whether vasopressin and terlipressin are equally effective for hemodynamic support in septic shock. The aim of the present prospective, randomized, controlled pilot trial study was,(More)
A large body of evidence points to a pivotal relationship between Th-1 cells and mucosal inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of the present study was to assess whether CD is associated with specific functional activity of lamina propria T lymphocytes (LPT), particularly purified CD4, such as cytotoxic activity and specific cytokine-secreted(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal dysfunction is present in about one quarter of kidney transplant patients at 1 year and in about 90% by 10 years. Nephrotoxicity caused by calcineurin inhibitors is among the most common factors. Elevated tacrolimus levels have been correlated with worse control of side effects including acute and/or chronic nephrotoxicity. The aim(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous findings suggest that a delayed administration of phenylephrine replacing norepinephrine in septic shock patients causes a more pronounced hepatosplanchnic vasoconstriction as compared with norepinephrine. Nevertheless, a direct comparison between the two study drugs has not yet been performed. The aim of the present study was,(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic monitoring of whole-blood concentration of tacrolimus, a potent immunosuppressive drug used after organ transplantation, is essential to avoid toxic effects and to maintain the correct dosage. Although the reference method for the determination of tacrolimus concentrations is LC-MS/MS, several certified immunoassays are widely used(More)
INTRODUCTION The best modality, for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is currently uncertain and it is poorly understood how transport of different solutes, whether convective or diffusive, changes over time. METHODS We conducted a prospective cross over study in a cohort of critically ill patients, comparing small (urea and creatinine) and(More)
BACKGROUND Advagraf, an extended release formulation of tacrolimus, is administered once daily during the morning fast. Tacrolimus can be safely converted from the twice daily formulation (Prograf) to the same dose (1 mg:1 mg) of once daily dosing tacrolimus (m-Tac). The adverse effects of tacrolimus play important roles in posttransplant cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Standard immunosuppression after lung transplantation includes calcineurin inhibitors, azathioprine, and steroids. Calcineurin inhibitor administration is associated with an increased renal impairment. Sirolimus shows no renal toxicity and could be used in selected patients. METHODS We have prospectively administered sirolimus as an alternative(More)
Clinical studies evaluating the use of phenylephrine in septic shock are lacking. The present study was designed as a prospective, crossover pilot study to compare the effects of norepinephrine (NE) and phenylephrine on systemic and regional hemodynamics in patients with catecholamine-dependent septic shock. In 15 septic shock patients, NE (0.82 +/- 0.689(More)