Alessandra Bachetoni

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INTRODUCTION Recent clinical data suggest that early administration of vasopressin analogues may be advantageous compared to a last resort therapy. However, it is still unknown whether vasopressin and terlipressin are equally effective for hemodynamic support in septic shock. The aim of the present prospective, randomized, controlled pilot trial study was,(More)
INTRODUCTION The best modality, for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is currently uncertain and it is poorly understood how transport of different solutes, whether convective or diffusive, changes over time. METHODS We conducted a prospective cross over study in a cohort of critically ill patients, comparing small (urea and creatinine) and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal dysfunction is present in about one quarter of kidney transplant patients at 1 year and in about 90% by 10 years. Nephrotoxicity caused by calcineurin inhibitors is among the most common factors. Elevated tacrolimus levels have been correlated with worse control of side effects including acute and/or chronic nephrotoxicity. The aim(More)
Numerous evidence has been reported to support a safe 1:1 conversion from the twice-daily tacrolimus (Tac-T) to the once-daily tacrolimus regimen (Tac-O), but frequently there is a reduction in drug trough levels, which has been estimated by some authors to be about 20%. The relationship between Tac-O dosage and trough levels after conversion is not clear.(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic bacterial infection carries a high risk of mortality in critical care patients. Improvements in diagnostic procedures are required for effective management of sepsis. Recently, the soluble CD14 subtype, or presepsin, has been suggested as a reliable marker of sepsis, and we set out to compare its diagnostic performance with that of(More)
BACKGROUND Advagraf, an extended release formulation of tacrolimus, is administered once daily during the morning fast. Tacrolimus can be safely converted from the twice daily formulation (Prograf) to the same dose (1 mg:1 mg) of once daily dosing tacrolimus (m-Tac). The adverse effects of tacrolimus play important roles in posttransplant cardiovascular(More)
A large body of evidence points to a pivotal relationship between Th-1 cells and mucosal inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of the present study was to assess whether CD is associated with specific functional activity of lamina propria T lymphocytes (LPT), particularly purified CD4, such as cytotoxic activity and specific cytokine-secreted(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous findings suggest that a delayed administration of phenylephrine replacing norepinephrine in septic shock patients causes a more pronounced hepatosplanchnic vasoconstriction as compared with norepinephrine. Nevertheless, a direct comparison between the two study drugs has not yet been performed. The aim of the present study was,(More)
Seventy-seven T cell clones were generated from cell blasts infiltrating rejected kidney allografts. All clones, either CD4 or CD8, displayed cytolytic activity evaluated by lectin-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (LDCC) and natural killer activities. Furthermore, both types of clones were able to produce IFN-gamma following PHA stimulation. These data(More)
Clinical studies evaluating the use of phenylephrine in septic shock are lacking. The present study was designed as a prospective, crossover pilot study to compare the effects of norepinephrine (NE) and phenylephrine on systemic and regional hemodynamics in patients with catecholamine-dependent septic shock. In 15 septic shock patients, NE (0.82 +/- 0.689(More)