Alessandra Ammazzalorso

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Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that control various functions in human organism, including the control of glucose and lipid metabolism. PPARγ is a target of TZD agonists, clinically used to improve insulin sensitivity whereas fibrates, PPARα ligands, lower serum triglyceride levels. We report(More)
PPARs are nuclear receptors with a critical physiological role in lipid and glucose metabolism. As part of our effort to develop new and selective PPAR agonists containing stilbene and its bioisoster phenyldiazene, novel analogs were synthesized starting from tyrosine and evaluated as PPAR agonists. We tested the effects of phenyloxazole replacement of(More)
The discovery of PPAR antagonists is emerging as an useful tool for elucidating the biological role of the receptor. Here we report the identification of N-(phenylsulfonyl)amides containing the benzothiazole scaffold, a novel class of potent PPARα antagonists obtained from chemical modification of carboxylic acid agonists. In this work, a group of(More)
A new series of gemfibrozil analogues conjugated with α-asarone, trans-stilbene, chalcone, and their bioisosteric modifications were synthesized and evaluated to develop PPARα agonists. In this attempt, we have removed the methyls on the phenyl ring of gemfibrozil and introduced the above scaffolds in para position synthesizing two series of derivatives,(More)
The identification of novel PPAR ligands represents an attractive research to fully understand the complex biological pathways regulated by these receptors. Selective PPAR modulators, inverse agonists and antagonists of three PPAR isoforms could help to clarify biological effects on lipid and glucose homeostasis. Here we describe the identification of a(More)
Compounds structurally related to the known antimicrobial drug linezolid were selected in order to evaluate the influence of electron-withdrawing properties and altered geometric features as a result of the N-substituent modification. After a preliminary study of molecular modeling, cinnamoyl-, pyridin- and pyrimidinoxazolidin-2-ones were synthesized. None(More)
A series of 2-heteroarylthioalkanoic acids were synthesized through systematic structural modifications of clofibric acid and evaluated for human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) transactivation activity, with the aim of obtaining new hypolipidemic compounds. Some thiophene and benzothiazole derivatives showing a good activation(More)
New acetamidines structurally related to N-(3-(aminomethyl)benzyl)acetamidine (1, W1400) were designed as inhibitors of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Six compounds were found to be selective for iNOS over endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and among them, the most active and selective compound was the N-benzylacetamidine 2. A docking study(More)
In an effort to develop safe and efficacious compounds for the treatment of metabolic disorders, new compounds based on a combination of clofibric acid, the active metabolite of clofibrate, and lipophilic groups derived from natural products chalcone and stilbene were synthesised. Some of them were found to be active at micromolar concentrations only on(More)
The thiophene-, benzothiazole- and pyridine-thioaryloxyacids analogues of clofibric acid were synthesized and their antiplatelet activity was screened. Some compounds exhibited antiaggregating properties. The platelet-related haemostasis was measured on a PFA-100 analyzer using bull blood.