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Bone marrow cells have frequently been tested in animal models of liver fibrosis to assess their role in hepatic regeneration. The mononuclear fraction of bone marrow cells is of particular interest, as many studies show that these cells may be beneficial to treat hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we used the bile duct ligation model to induce hepatic(More)
Nutritional transition has contributed to growing obesity, mainly by changing eating habits of the population. The mechanisms by which diet-induced obesity leads to cardiac injury are not completely understood, but it is known that obesity is associated to impaired cardiac function and energy metabolism, increasing morbidity and mortality. Therefore, our(More)
Overnutrition during pregnancy and lactation lend increasing support to the development of obesity and several chronic diseases in adulthood such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, which leads to beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. In this work, we aimed to study the effects of early life overnutrition on the development of obesity, analyzing the(More)
Liver fibrosis results from chronic injury followed by activation of macrophages and fibrogenic cells like myofibroblasts and activated hepatic stellate cells. These fibrogenic cells express α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and produce excessive extracellular matrix (ECM), with disorganization and loss of function of hepatic parenchyma. It is known that(More)
Epidemiological and experimental studies have associated development of metabolic syndrome with stressful events (nutritional, hormonal, or environmental) in early life. This phenomenon is known as programing and changes in adipokines levels in early life, especially leptin, seem to be involved with its development. We have shown that neonatal(More)
The adult bone marrow retains two populations of stem cells with emerging importance for the treatment of diverse liver diseases: hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the mechanisms that control liver regeneration after bone marrow cell transplantation are still controversial. Liver regeneration after partial(More)
Sarcoidosis alveolitis is caused by an unknown stimulus activating alveolar macrophages (AM) and T-lymphocytes. During antigen presentation, the complex HLA class II molecule/processed peptide, on the surface of sarcoid AM, induces the T-lymphocyte to proliferate. Altered glycosylation patterns of cell surface glycoproteins such as class II molecules in(More)
Bone marrow cells (BMCs) are the main type of cells used for transplantation therapies. Obesity, a major world health problem, has been demonstrated to affect various tissues, including bone marrow. This could compromise the success of such therapies. One of the main mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of obesity is mitochondrial dysfunction, and recent(More)
Liver fibrosis is accompanied by hepatocyte death and proliferation of α-SMA(+) fibrogenic cells (activated hepatic stellate cells and myofibroblasts), which synthesize extracellular matrix components that contribute to disorganization of the hepatic parenchyma and loss of liver function. Therefore, apoptosis of these fibrogenic cells is important to(More)
Stem cells are characterized by their ability to differentiate into multiple cell lineages and display the paracrine effect. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of therapy with bone marrow cells (BMCs) on blood glucose, lipid metabolism and aortic wall remodeling in mice through the administration of a high fat diet and subsequent BMCs(More)