Alessando Cataliotti

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BACKGROUND The plasma concentration of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an inhibitor of nitric-oxide synthase, which has been linked to endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in the general population, is raised in patients with end-stage renal disease and could contribute to the high cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic renal failure. We(More)
BACKGROUND In the general population, the plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are useful to predict left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and LV systolic dysfunction. Whether these cardiac hormones have a similar diagnostic potential in dialysis patients is unknown. METHODS We studied the diagnostic(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is exceedingly frequent in patients undergoing dialysis. Cardiac mass is proportional to body size, but the influence of various indexing methods has not been studied in patients with end-stage renal disease. The issue is important because malnutrition and volume expansion would both tend to distort the estimate of LV mass(More)
This study was designed to investigate the relationship among brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and left ventricular mass (LVM), ejection fraction, and LV geometry in a large cohort of dialysis patients without heart failure (n = 246) and to test the prediction power of these peptides for total and cardiovascular(More)
We aimed at comparing the positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) of several intrarenal velocimetric indices for revealing the presence of renal artery stenosis (RAS) among hypertensive patients who underwent a renal angiography for the clinical suspicion of renovascular hypertension. In 106 patients (200 kidneys), the pulsatility index (PI) and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is related to left ventricular (LV) mass in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Furthermore, cTnT reflects the severity of systolic dysfunction in patients with heart diseases. We tested the diagnostic value of cTnT for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and LV systolic dysfunction in a large group of(More)
Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) predicts death and cardiovascular outcomes in clinically stable patients with end-stage renal disease. Because this protein is synthesized exclusively in myocardial cells, its predictive power for these outcomes may be because it reflects, besides cardiac ischemia, left ventricular (LV) mass, which is a strong predictor of(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) infusion increases salt excretion in the rat. However, there is no evidence that this substance is related to changes in salt intake in humans. In this study we sought whether the urinary excretion rate of this autacoid is related to salt intake and by the expected changes in arterial pressure in patients with mild essential(More)
BACKGROUND E-selectin is a key adhesion molecule which plays a fundamental role in endothelial progenitor cell-dependent reparative mechanisms in experimental ischaemia and it serves to anchor leucocytes to the endothelium in inflammatory processes. Inflammation is one of the strongest risk factors for death and cardiovascular (CV) events in end-stage renal(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and some major cardiovascular risk factors in uremic patients on chronic dialysis. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out in 119 unselected dialysis patients (89 on hemodialysis and 30 on chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, CAPD). Fasting blood sampling for serum lipids,(More)