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The stability of standard gene expression is an elementary prerequisite for internal standardisation of target gene expression data and many so called housekeeping genes with assumed stable expression can exhibit either up- or down-regulation under some experimental conditions. The developed, and herein presented, software called BestKeeper determines the(More)
We propose a computing method for the estimation of real-time PCR amplification efficiency. It is based on a statistic delimitation of the beginning of exponentially behaving observations in real-time PCR kinetics. PCR ground fluorescence phase, non-exponential and plateau phase were excluded from the calculation process by separate mathematical algorithms.(More)
Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is currently considered the most sensitive method to study low abundance gene expression. Since comparison of gene expression levels in various tissues is often the purpose of an experiment, we studied a tissue-linked effect on nucleic acid amplification. Based on the raw data generated by a(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative PCR (qPCR) is a valuable technique for accurately and reliably profiling and quantifying gene expression. Typically, samples obtained from the organism of study have to be processed via several preparative steps before qPCR. METHOD We estimated the errors of sample withdrawal and extraction, reverse transcription (RT), and qPCR(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter with wide-ranging functions throughout the central nervous system. There is strong evidence to suggest that regulation of serotonergic gene expression might be related to genetic variability, and several studies have focused on understanding the functional effects of specific polymorphisms within these(More)
The effect of primer selection on real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) performance was tested. Primer sets of varying length of product were used to amplify the sequence of β-actin. Variability in length caused variability in RT-PCR performance. Kinetic parameters of PCR were studied by mathematical approximation of real-time data by means of a(More)
In recent studies PrP mRNA was determined mostly by in situ hybridisation or Northern Blot analysis--methods not suitable for absolute quantification of mRNA copy numbers. Herein we report on bovine prion mRNA quantification using calibrated highly sensitive externally standardized real-time RT-PCR with LightCycler instrument. Total RNA was isolated from(More)
We have examined the imprecision in the estimation of PCR efficiency by means of standard curves based on strategic experimental design with large number of technical replicates. In particular, how robust this estimation is in terms of a commonly varying factors: the instrument used, the number of technical replicates performed and the effect of the volume(More)
Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is the method of choice for specific and sensitive quantification of nucleic acids. However, data validation is still a major issue, partially due to the complex effect of PCR inhibition on the results. If undetected PCR inhibition may severely impair the accuracy and sensitivity of results. PCR inhibition is addressed by(More)
Experiments using quantitative real-time PCR to test hypotheses are limited by technical and biological variability; we seek to minimise sources of confounding variability through optimum use of biological and technical replicates. The quality of an experiment design is commonly assessed by calculating its prospective power. Such calculations rely on(More)