Ales Kovarík

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Here, we analyze long-term evolution in Nicotiana allopolyploid section Repandae (the closest living diploids are N. sylvestris, the maternal parent, and N. obtusifolia, the paternal parent). We compare data with other more recently formed Nicotiana allopolyploids. We investigated 35S and 5S nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) chromosomal location and unit(More)
We investigated concerted evolution of rRNA genes in multiple populations of Tragopogon mirus and T. miscellus, two allotetraploids that formed recurrently within the last 80 years following the introduction of three diploids (T. dubius, T. pratensis, and T. porrifolius) from Europe to North America. Using the earliest herbarium specimens of the(More)
We examined the structure, intranuclear distribution and activity of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in Nico-tiana sylvestris (2n=2x=24) and N. tomentosiformis (2n=2x=24) and compared these with patterns in N. tabacum (tobacco, 2n=4x=48). We also examined a long-established N. tabacum culture, TBY-2. Nicotiana tabacum is an allotetraploid thought to be derived from(More)
We have examined the structure and chromatin organization of telomeres in Nicotiana tabacum. In tobacco the blocks of simple telomeric repeats (TTTAGGG)n are many times larger than in other plants, e.g., Arabidopsis thatiana or tomato. They are resolved as multiple fragments 60–160 kb in size (in most cases 90–130 kb) on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(More)
Analyses of selected bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) clones suggest that the retrotransposon component of angiosperm genomes can be amplified or deleted, leading to genome turnover. Here, Nicotiana allopolyploids were used to characterize the nature of sequence turnover across the whole genome in allopolyploids known to be of different ages. Using(More)
BACKGROUND In studies looking at individual polyploid species, the most common patterns of genomic change are that either genome size in the polyploid is additive (i.e. the sum of parental genome donors) or there is evidence of genome downsizing. Reports showing an increase in genome size are rare. In a large-scale analysis of 3008 species, genome(More)
An approximately 135-bp sequence called the A1/A2 repeat was isolated from the transcribed region of the 26-18S rDNA intergenic spacer (IGS) of Nicotiana tomentosiformis. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern blot analysis revealed its occurrence as an independent satellite (termed an A1/A2 satellite) outside of rDNA loci in species of(More)
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco, 2n = 4x = 48) is a natural allotetraploid combining two ancestral genomes closely related to modern Nicotiana sylvestris and Nicotiana tomentosiformis. Here we examine the immediate consequences of allopolyploidy on genome evolution using 20 S4-generation plants derived from a single synthetic, S0 plant made by Burk in 1973(More)
BACKGROUND Polyploidy, frequently termed "whole genome duplication", is a major force in the evolution of many eukaryotes. Indeed, most angiosperm species have undergone at least one round of polyploidy in their evolutionary history. Despite enormous progress in our understanding of many aspects of polyploidy, we essentially have no information about the(More)
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) is an allotetraploid derived from ancestors of the modern diploids, N. sylvestris and N. tomentosiformis. We identified and characterized two distinct families of 5S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in N. tabacum; one family had an average 431 bp unit length and the other a 646 bp unit length. In the diploid species, N. sylvestris and N.(More)