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The International Stem Cell Initiative characterized 59 human embryonic stem cell lines from 17 laboratories worldwide. Despite diverse genotypes and different techniques used for derivation and maintenance, all lines exhibited similar expression patterns for several markers of human embryonic stem cells. They expressed the glycolipid antigens SSEA3 and(More)
Fully grown oocytes (FGOs) contain all the necessary transcripts to activate molecular pathways underlying the oocyte-to-embryo transition (OET). To elucidate this critical period of development, an extensive survey of the FGO transcriptome was performed by analyzing 19,000 expressed sequence tags of the Mus musculus FGO cDNA library. Expression of 5400(More)
The transcription program that is responsible for the pluripotency of human ESCs (hESCs) is believed to be comaintained by exogenous fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), which activates FGF receptors (FGFRs) and stimulates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. However, the same pathway is stimulated by insulin receptors, insulin-like growth(More)
The controlled in vitro differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and other pluripotent stem cells provides interesting prospects for generating large numbers of human neurons for a variety of biomedical applications. A major bottleneck associated with this approach is the long time required for hESC-derived neural cells to give rise to mature(More)
Various types of feeder cells have been adopted for the culture of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to improve their attachment and provide them with stemness-supporting factors. However, feeder cells differ in their capacity to support the growth of undifferentiated hESCs. Here, we compared the expression and secretion of four well-established regulators(More)
The International Stem Cell Initiative analyzed 125 human embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and 11 induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines, from 38 laboratories worldwide, for genetic changes occurring during culture. Most lines were analyzed at an early and late passage. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis revealed that they included(More)
Although the detection of several components of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathway in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) has been reported, the functionality of that pathway and effects on cell fate decisions are yet to be established. In this study we characterized expression of FGF-2, the prototypic member of the FGF family, and its(More)
Several forms of human dwarfism are due to activating mutations in FGFR3 highlighting the role of FGF signaling in the growth attenuation of cartilage. Here, we studied the effects of FGF2 on RCS chondrocytes. Treatment with FGF2 induced growth arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and partial de-differentiation of cells manifested by changes in cell(More)
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic 2Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Chemistry, University of La Laguna, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic 4International Clinical(More)
This in vivo study employs p27-deficient mice to investigate the significance of p27 for the metabolism of D-type cyclins in differentiated cells. The absence of p27 results in decreased levels of cyclins D2 and/or D3 in some organs. As demonstrated on Leydig cells of testis, such dependency is only restricted to certain cell types including terminally(More)