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An extensive amount of information is currently available to clinical specialists, ranging from details of clinical symptoms to various types of biochemical data and outputs of imaging devices. Each type of data provides information that must be evaluated and assigned to a particular pathology during the diagnostic process. To streamline the diagnostic(More)
Fully grown oocytes (FGOs) contain all the necessary transcripts to activate molecular pathways underlying the oocyte-to-embryo transition (OET). To elucidate this critical period of development, an extensive survey of the FGO transcriptome was performed by analyzing 19,000 expressed sequence tags of the Mus musculus FGO cDNA library. Expression of 5400(More)
Various types of feeder cells have been adopted for the culture of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to improve their attachment and provide them with stemness-supporting factors. However, feeder cells differ in their capacity to support the growth of undifferentiated hESCs. Here, we compared the expression and secretion of four well-established regulators(More)
The transcription program that is responsible for the pluripotency of human ESCs (hESCs) is believed to be comaintained by exogenous fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), which activates FGF receptors (FGFRs) and stimulates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. However, the same pathway is stimulated by insulin receptors, insulin-like growth(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) functions as a natural inducer of mesoderm, regulator of cell differentiation and autocrine modulator of cell growth and transformation. The FGF-2 signals are transduced through receptors with intrinsic protein tyrosine kinase activity. However, receptor binding and activation is governed by extracellular matrix, cell(More)
This in vivo study employs p27-deficient mice to investigate the significance of p27 for the metabolism of D-type cyclins in differentiated cells. The absence of p27 results in decreased levels of cyclins D2 and/or D3 in some organs. As demonstrated on Leydig cells of testis, such dependency is only restricted to certain cell types including terminally(More)
During development, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) serve highly specific functions that are mediated through high-affinity transmembrane receptors and modulated by membrane-bound proteoglycans. Proteoglycans, in an embryonic environment called embryoglycans, contain numerous carbohydrate ectodomains, the structure of which undergoes rearrangement. Since(More)
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and white-coloured bacterial strain, designated LL03(T), was isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil at Spolana Neratovice, Czech Republic, where lindane was formerly produced. Strain LL03(T) was found to be a degrader of α-, γ- and δ-isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane, although no significant degradation(More)
The International Stem Cell Initiative characterized 59 human embryonic stem cell lines from 17 laboratories worldwide. Despite diverse genotypes and different techniques used for derivation and maintenance, all lines exhibited similar expression patterns for several markers of human embryonic stem cells. They expressed the glycolipid antigens SSEA3 and(More)
Although the detection of several components of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathway in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) has been reported, the functionality of that pathway and effects on cell fate decisions are yet to be established. In this study we characterized expression of FGF-2, the prototypic member of the FGF family, and its(More)