Ales Grambal

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BACKGROUND Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) have been reported in a wide variety of psychiatric disorders, but have not been well characterized in bipolar patients in remission. We recorded cardiac activity and assessed HRV in bipolar outpatients in remission. AIMS Ascertain if ANS decrease with the age(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to establish the efficacy of CBT on the sample of non-selected medication-resistant patients with OCD and to search for predictors of therapeutic response in such a group. METHODS The treatment was carried out under usual conditions at the department for anxiety disorders. Systematic CBT steps were tailored to the needs(More)
The aim of our study is to examine if the dissociation can influence the intensity of psychopathology in patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder and to compare the levels of dissociation in the groups of the patients and healthy subjects. Method. Fifty five patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder and 123 healthy controls were(More)
OBJECTIVE According to recent findings, clinical symptoms of the patients suffering from panic disorder are related to dissociation. The aim of our study is to examine if the dissociation, can influence the intensity of psychopathology in patients suffering from panic disorder with or without agoraphobia and compare the levels of dissociation in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Many psychiatric patients suffer from self-stigma. One consequence of these internalized prejudices is decreased treatment efficacy. Much has been written about the effects of self-stigma in patients with severe mental disorders. However, individuals with minor psychiatric disorders also suffer from self-stigma. It is therefore necessary to(More)
BACKGROUND Self-stigmatization is a step-by-step process during which the person uncritically accepts the societal negative evaluation and applies it to himself. Relation between self-stigma and suicidality in neurotic disorders is not known. The aim of our study was to find connection between self-stigma and the level of suicidality in neurotic spectrum(More)
OBJECTIVES Alarming somatic symptoms and in particular the cardiovascular symptoms, are the characteristic features of panic attacks. Increased cardiac mortality and morbidity have been proposed in these patients. Power spectral analysis of electrocardiogram R-R intervals is known to be a particularly successful tool in the detection of autonomic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study is to examine if the dissociation, can influence intensity of psychopathology in patients suffering with dissociative disorders compare the level of dissociation of the patients with the data of healthy subjects. METHODS 32 patients suffering with various types of dissociative disorder (9 males and 23 females) and 93 healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE Beck anxiety inventory (BAI) is widely used self-rating questionnaire evaluating the severity of anxiety symptoms. The aim of our study was to confirm validity and reliability of Czech version of BAI, identify cut-off points and prove sensitivity to measure improvement after therapy. METHODS The patients selected for the study were treated in(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety disorders are a group of various mental syndromes that have been related with generally poor treatment response. Several psychological factors may improve or hinder treatment effectiveness. Hope has a direct impact on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Also, dissociation is a significant factor influencing treatment efficiency in this(More)