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Olfactory abilities show a high degree of inter-individual variability and this could be partly related to personality differences. Here, in two studies, we tested a potential link between personality dimensions and olfactory perception. Sixty-eight (study 1) and a hundred and fifty-six (study 2) young adults completed the Big Five questionnaire and(More)
Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) might be predictive of methotrexate (MTX) therapeutic outcome in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to determine whether SNPs in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene are predictive of MTX response. Comparison was made using EULAR response criteria and according to the change of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine psychometric properties of the Czech language version of the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES) [2]. METHOD 653 non-clinical participants and 162 adolescent psychiatric inpatients completed Czech versions of the A-DES and the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20), and provided(More)
BACKGROUND The highly prevalent parasite Toxoplasma gondii reportedly manipulates rodent behavior to enhance the likelihood of transmission to its definitive cat host. The proximate mechanisms underlying this adaptive manipulation remain largely unclear, though a growing body of evidence suggests that the parasite-entrained dysregulation of dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Self-medication with antibiotics may increase the risk of inappropriate use and the selection of resistant bacteria. The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics in Abu Dhabi. METHODOLOGY A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analysed using descriptive(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that with the administration of teriparatide (TPTD) treatment at different times, we would be able to modify the physiological circadian rhythm of bone turnover. METHODS The concentration of serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (βCTX), serum N-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I (P1NP), serum ionized calcium(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition, inflammation, and oxidative stress are inter-related mechanisms linked to the progression of cardiovascular disease and prognosis of long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. In this study, we focus on antioxidant vitamins and trace elements and the relationship of their serum levels to the prognosis of long-term HD patients. STUDY(More)
Latent toxoplasmosis has been previously found to cause behavioural and personality changes in humans, which are specific for each gender. Here we tested the stress hypothesis of these gender differences based on the assumption that latent toxoplasmosis causes long-term subliminal stress. In line with this hypothesis, the gender difference will appear(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the psychometric properties of the Czech version of the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory (QOLIE-31). The study population comprised 221 patients with epilepsy who were administered the questionnaires during their regular visit to the Neurology Clinic of the University Hospital Hradec Kralove. Internal consistency(More)
OBJECTIVES The study objectives were: (a) to evaluate knowledge about osteoporosis and to identify its correlates among women > or =40 years of age attending outpatient centers; (b) to compare the level of knowledge between women already receiving treatment for osteoporosis and first-time attendees. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted with(More)