Alena V Makarova

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DNA polymerase ζ (Pol ζ) plays a key role in DNA translesion synthesis (TLS) and mutagenesis in eukaryotes. Previously, a two-subunit Rev3-Rev7 complex had been identified as the minimal assembly required for catalytic activity in vitro. Herein, we show that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pol ζ binds to the Pol31 and Pol32 subunits of Pol δ, forming a(More)
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related protein kinases are key regulators controlling a wide range of cellular events. The yeast Tel1 and Mec1·Ddc2 complex (ATM and ATR-ATRIP in humans) play pivotal roles in DNA replication, DNA damage signaling, and repair. Here, we present the first structural insight for dimers of Mec1·Ddc2 and Tel1 using(More)
Oxidative stress is capable of causing damage to various cellular constituents, including DNA. There is however limited knowledge on how oxidative stress influences mitochondrial DNA and its replication. Here, we have used purified mtDNA replication proteins, i.e. DNA polymerase γ holoenzyme, the mitochondrial single-stranded DNA binding protein mtSSB, the(More)
Analysis of DNA polymerase ι (Pol ι) enzymic activity in different classes of eukaryotes has shown that error-prone activity of this enzyme can be found only in mammals, and that it is completely absent from organisms that are at lower stages of development. It was supposed that the emergence of the error-prone Pol ι activity in mammals is caused by(More)
Cellular DNA polymerases belong to several families and carry out different functions. Highly accurate replicative DNA polymerases play the major role in cell genome replication. A number of new specialized DNA polymerases were discovered at the turn of XX–XXI centuries and have been intensively studied during the last decade. Due to the special structure(More)
DNA polymerase iota (Polι) of mammals is a member of the Y family of DNA polymerases. Among many other genome caretakers, these enzymes are responsible for maintaining genome stability. The members of the Y-family DNA polymerases take part in translesion DNA synthesis, bypassing some DNA lesions, and are characterized by low fidelity of DNA synthesis. A(More)
Human DNA polymerase iota (Pol ι) is a Y-family polymerase that can bypass various DNA lesions but possesses very low fidelity of DNA synthesis in vitro. Structural analysis of Pol ι revealed a narrow active site that promotes noncanonical base-pairing during catalysis. To better understand the structure-function relationships in the active site of Pol ι we(More)
Human DNA polymerase iota (Pol ι) is a Y-family DNA polymerase with unusual biochemical properties and not fully understood functions. Pol ι preferentially incorporates dGTP opposite template thymine. This property can be used to monitor Pol ι activity in the presence of other DNA polymerases, e.g. in cell extracts of tissues and tumors. We have now(More)
Analysis of incorrect activity of error-prone DNA polymerase iota in M. musculus ontogeny demonstrated considerable changes in its activity, which peaks in most organs during prenatal development and decreases in the adult body. We propose that the capacity of error-prone DNA polymerases to synthesize on damaged DNA regions is critical for the realization(More)
During replication in yeast, the three B family DNA replicases frequently incorporate ribonucleotides (rNMPs) into DNA, and their presence in the nuclear genome can affect genome stability. This prompted us to examine ribonucleotide incorporation by the fourth B family member, Pol ζ, the enzyme responsible for the majority of damage-induced mutagenesis in(More)