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Microglia are tissue macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS) that control tissue homeostasis. Microglia dysregulation is thought to be causal for a group of neuropsychiatric, neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases, called "microgliopathies". However, how the intracellular stimulation machinery in microglia is controlled is poorly(More)
Soluble cytosolic carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are well known to participate in pH regulation of the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. Membrane-bound CA isoforms--such as isoforms IV, IX, XII, XIV, and XV--also catalyze the reversible conversion of carbon dioxide to protons and bicarbonate, but at the extracellular face of the cell membrane. When human CA isoform(More)
Homo and heterozygote cx3cr1 mutant mice, which harbor a green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in their cx3cr1 loci, represent a widely used animal model to study microglia and peripheral myeloid cells. Here we report that microglia in the dentate gyrus (DG) of cx3cr1 (-/-) mice displayed elevated microglial sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression levels and nuclear factor(More)
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