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Methods We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks(More)
Background Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specifi c mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These(More)
BACKGROUND Magnitudes, geographic and racial variation in trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality within the US require updating for health services and health disparities research. Therefore the aim of this study is to present data on these trends through 2007. METHODS Data for CHD were analyzed using the US mortality files for 1999-2007(More)
BACKGROUND In September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015). METHODS We(More)
To the Editor: Dr Olshansky’s research letter on the accelerated aging of US presidents concluded that presidents do not age faster than other men. That may be true, but this study cannot demonstrate it due to a faulty comparison. Olshansky compared presidents’ actual age at death (adjusted for aging by subtracting 2 days for every day in office) against(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with early mortality, but no prior studies have evaluated quantitative relationships of mortality to physiological measures of pre- and postcapillary PH. OBJECTIVES To identify risk factors associated with mortality and to estimate the expected survival in a(More)
Advances in computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have shown the benefits of using computer-based techniques to obtain quantitative image measurements of the extent of a particular disease. Such measurements provide more accurate information that can be used to better study the associations between anatomical changes and clinical findings. Unfortunately,(More)
CONTEXT Few reports have been published regarding surveillance data for pulmonary hypertension, a debilitating and often fatal condition. AIMS We report trends in pulmonary hypertension. SETTINGS AND DESIGN United States of America; vital statistics, hospital data. METHODS AND MATERIAL We used mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity prevalence in United States (US) adults exceeds 30% with highest prevalence being among blacks. Obesity is known to have significant effects on respiratory function and obese patients commonly report respiratory complaints requiring pulmonary function tests (PFTs). However, there is no large study showing the relationship between body(More)