Aleksei V Kravchenko

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During the period 1996-1997, three highly homogeneous variants of HIV-1 were identified, circulating among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the former Soviet Union republics. One of these belonged to HIV-1 genetic subtype A (IDU-A), another belonged to HIV-1 genetic subtype B (IDU-B) and the third was a recombinant between the first two variants (CRF03_AB).(More)
Epidemiological data have demonstrated rapid growth of HIV-1 infections among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the Ukraine and Russia, during 1996. Here we describe the results of genetic analysis of isolates derived from 12 HIV-1-infected IDUs in different sites of Russia and the Ukraine. The blood samples were taken within a 1- to 2-month period after the(More)
An explosive epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has been documented among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the former Soviet Union republics. In 1999, the two largest local IDU outbreaks of HIV-1 infection in the Russian Federation were registered in the Moscow and Irkutsk regions, where 13,004 HIV-1 cases were identified (44% of the(More)
DNA colonies formed during PCR in a polyacrylamide gel and RNA colonies grown in an agarose gel containing Qβ replicase can be identified using the procedure of transfer of molecular colonies onto a nylon membrane followed by membrane hybridization with fluorescent oligonucleotide probes. The suggested improvements significantly simplify and shorten the(More)
This paper reports the sequencing of HIV-1 subtype G from the blood sample of a 39-year-old Russian male taken in November 1992. The heterosexual, White male and his wife living in Uzbekistan found in 1991 that they were infected with HIV-1. The man reported living in Mozambique during 1984-85 where he had no sexual relations with African residents, yet(More)
The former Soviet Union republics have experienced an explosive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs), consisting mainly of subtype A viruses originated from a point source (Bobkov et al.: AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 1997;13:1195-1201). To determine whether new HIV-1 subtypes have entered the IDU population, 46(More)
In 95 patients with HIV infection (76 males and 19 females), observed in 1993-1997, the structure of secondary diseases was studied. During this period 58 patients (61.1%) died. In the structure of secondary diseases represented by 14 nosoforms prevailed cytomegalovirus and candidal infections, tuberculosis, Kaposi's sarcoma, rarely--pneumocystis pneumonia,(More)
HIV-genetic subtypes were analyzed in 130 subjects from the Russian Federation, by the HMA technique. Six subtypes were identified in heterosexuals, including A, B, C, D, G, and H; however, homosexual men were infected predominantly with the B subtype (33 of 35). The subtype A isolates were found in population of intravenous drug users. HMA successfully(More)
Nineteen oropharyngeal Candida albicans isolates from six children and seven adults living with AIDS at the Russia AIDS Centre, Moscow, from 1990 to 1998 were selected for molecular typing. Two fluconazole-resistant C. albicans genotypes were identified from a child who contracted human immunodeficiency virus infection during the Elista Hospital outbreak in(More)
To find out possible relationships between disturbances in the thrombocytic element of hemostasis and in the immune system (the count of lymphocytes CD4, the concentration of IgG, the content of circulating immune complexes), 18 adult patients with HIV infection were examined, and in 8 of them thrombocytopenia was diagnosed. 10 patients without(More)