Aleksandra V. Borodkina

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Human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMESCs) enter the premature senescence under sublethal oxidative stress, however underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we showed that exogenous H2O2 induces a rapid phosphorylation and co-localization of ATM, H2A.X, 53BP1 leading to DNA damage response (DDR) activation. DDR was accompanied with nuclear(More)
The specific responses of mesenchymal stem cells to oxidative stress may play a crucial role in regulation of tissue homeostasis as well as regeneration of organs after oxidative injury. The responses of human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMESCs) to oxidative stress remain still unknown. Herein, we examined the impact of H2O2 on cell(More)
The present study focuses on the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the process of mesenchymal stem cells "waking up" and entering the cell cycle after the quiescence. Using human endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (eMSCs), we showed that intracellular basal ROS level is positively correlated with the proliferative status of the cell cultures.(More)
Oxidative stress has been shown to cause either apoptosis or stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) in different cell types. At present, it is generally accepted that stem cells have high resistance to oxidative stress; however, data reported by various authors are disputed. In this study, we investigated stress responses of human embryonic stem cells(More)
Previously we demonstrated that endometrium-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMESCs) via activation of the ATM/p53/p21/Rb pathway enter the premature senescence in response to oxidative stress. Down regulation effects of the key components of this signaling pathway, particularly ATM and p53, on a fate of stressed hMESCs have not yet been investigated.(More)
Intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) has been reported to play an important role in autophagy, apoptosis and necrosis, however, a little is known about its impact in senescence. Here we investigated [Ca2+]i contribution to oxidative stress-induced senescence of human endometrium-derived stem cells (hMESCs). In hMESCs sublethal H2O2-treatment resulted in a rapid(More)
Human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMESC) under the sublethal oxidative stress induced by H2O2 activate both the p53/p21/Rb and p38/MAPKAPK-2 pathways that are responsible for the induction of hMESC premature senescence (Borodkina et al., 2014). However, the interrelations between the p53/p21/Rb and MAPK signaling pathways, including ERK1/2,(More)
Our recent findings demonstrate that human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMESCs) respond to sublethal oxidative stress by stress-induced premature senescence via the АТМ/Chk2/p53/p21/Rb pathway. Application of SB203580 (SB) inhibitor suggested p38 MAP-kinase involvement in the senescence progression. However, there are several disadvantages(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells are a promising cell source for tissue engineering. During transplantation, they may be subjected to oxidative stress due to unfavorable cellular microenvironment characterized by an increased level of reactive oxygen species. Recently, we have demonstrated that oxidative stress response of human mesenchymal stem cells derived(More)
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