Learn More
BACKGROUND Alterations in plasma lipoprotein subclass distributions affect atherosclerosis risk. Smaller, denser low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles (sdLDL) are more susceptible to oxidation. In contrast, most of the protective effects of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are attributable to larger particles. This study investigates the connection between(More)
OBJECTIVES Small, dense LDL particles are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and there is growing evidence that small HDL subclasses are less protective than the larger ones. Very limited information is available about the lipoprotein subclasses among populations living in South-East European region, and none for Serbia. (More)
Laboratory diagnosis of alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is routinely performed by phenotyping methods, which include measurement of serum alpha-1-antitrypsin concentration and isoelectric focusing (IEF). Several DNA-based methods are also used for AAT deficiency testing, but they still have not become part of routine diagnostics. The aim of the study(More)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) is an important serine protease inhibitor in humans. Hereditary alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) affects lungs and liver. Liver disease caused by AATD in paediatric patients has been previously well documented. However, the association of liver disease with alpha-1-antitrypsin gene polymorphisms in adults is less clear.(More)
OBJECTIVES Although there are many nucleobase modifications, 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) is one of the dominant form of oxidative modifications of DNA. Urinary 8-oxodG is potentially the best non-invasive biomarker of oxidative stress. Defining reference interval for urinary 8-oxodG is a prerequisite for its clinical use as biomarker. (More)
AIM Alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) is the main inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, and severe alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) is a genetic risk factor for early-onset emphysema. Despite the relatively high prevalence of A1ATD, this condition is frequently underdiagnosed. Our aim was to determine the distribution of the A1ATD phenotypes/alleles in patients(More)
The alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) gene is highly polymorphic, with more than 100 genetic variants identified of which some can affect A1AT protein concentration and/or function and lead to pulmonary and/or liver disease. This study reports on the characterization of a p.G320R variant found in two patients, one with emphysema and the other with lung cancer.(More)
Prospective studies have demonstrated that markers of inflammation, such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and fibrinogen, predict future cardiovascular disease risk. However, the association between the hsCRP and fibrinogen levels and the extent of coronary stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. The aim(More)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), which predisposes liver disease in children, is often undiagnosed. Isoelectric focusing in 161 infants with liver dysfunction revealed 14.7% severe and 12.2% moderate AATD. Positive PAS-D and immunohistochemical staining was found in 60% of severe AATD, but in moderate AATD, only immunohistochemistry was positive in(More)