Aleksandra Pyrkowska

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Cardiac hypertrophy is accompanied by molecular remodeling that affects different cellular pathways, including fatty acid (FA) utilization. In the present study, we show that cardiac lipid metabolism is differentially regulated in response to physiological (endurance training) and pathological [abdominal aortic banding (AAB)] hypertrophic stimuli.(More)
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that cardiac substrate utilization is affected by oleic acid originating from the endogenous conversion of stearate by stearoyl-CoA desaturase and from the diet. Here, we show that the cardiac oleate content is increased in tristearate (TS)- and trioleate (TO)-fed rats when compared with chow-fed rats. TS or TO(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, has recently been shown to be a critical control point in regulation of liver and skeletal muscle metabolism. Herein, we demonstrate that endurance training significantly increases both SCD1 mRNA and protein levels in the soleus muscle, whereas it does(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) has recently been shown to be a critical control point in the regulation of cardiac metabolism and function. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is an important regulator of myocardial fatty acid uptake and utilization. The present study used SCD1 and PPARα double knockout (SCD1-/-/PPARα-/-) mice to test the(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) activation induced by diacylglycerols (DAGs) is one of the sequels of the dysregulation of intramuscular lipid metabolism and is thought to play an important role in the development of insulin resistance (IR). We tested the hypothesis that DAGs with different acyl chains have different biological effects and that DAG species enriched(More)
Malassezia pachydermatis and Candida albicans are fungi involved in the skin diseases and systemic infections. The therapy of such infections is difficult due to relapses and problems with pathogen identification. In our study, we compare the fatty acids profile of M. pachydermatis, C. albicans and S. cerevisiae to identify diagnostic markers and to(More)
Malassezia pachydermatis can cause infections of the skin and mucous membranes, especially in animals. It becomes a problem also in medicine. It is considered that metabolic disorders as well as hormonal and immunological status of the host promote diseases caused by M. pachydermatis. Here we consider whether specific features of fungi could also favour(More)
The heart has a limited capacity for lipogenesis and de novo lipid synthesis. However, expression of lipogenic genes in cardiomyocytes is unexpectedly high. Recent studies showed that lipogenic genes are important factors regulating cardiac metabolism and function. Long chain fatty acids are a major source of ATP required for proper heart function, and(More)
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