Aleksandra Mandic Havelka

Learn More
PURPOSE With a widening arsenal of cancer therapies available, it is important to develop therapy-specific predictive markers and methods to rapidly assess treatment efficacy. We here evaluated the use of cytokeratin-18 (CK18) as a serum biomarker for monitoring chemotherapy-induced cell death in breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Different molecular(More)
Cisplatin is a broad-spectrum anticancer drug that is also widely used in experimental studies on DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Induction of apoptosis within 24-48 hr requires cisplatin concentrations that are at least one order of magnitude higher than the IC(50). Here, we show that such high, apoptosis-inducing cisplatin concentrations induce cellular(More)
Caspase-cleaved proteins are released from disintegrated apoptotic cells and can be detected in the circulation. We here addressed whether caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18-Asp396) can be used as a serum biomarker for assessment of the clinical efficiency of chemotherapy in hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). A total of 82 patients with HRPC were(More)
T cells are used in many cell-based cancer treatments. However, oxidative stress that is induced during various chronic inflammatory conditions, such as cancer, can impair the immune system and have detrimental effects on T cell function. In this study, we have investigated the sensitivity of different human T cell subsets to H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative(More)
Calcium (Ca(2+)) is used as a signaling molecule to regulate many cellular processes. Calcium signaling generally involves transient elevations of the concentration of free Ca(2+) in the cytosol. More pronounced and sustained elevations of intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations are observed during apoptosis (programmed cell death). These Ca(2+) elevations have(More)
Intracellular macromolecules are released from dying tumor cells and may subsequently be detected in patient blood. In this review, we will discuss the use of cytokeratin-18 as a serum biomarker for monitoring therapy-induced cell death. Cytokeratins are abundant intracellular proteins expressed by most types of carcinoma, but not by treatment-sensitive(More)
DNA damage induces apoptosis of cells of hematological origin. Apoptosis is also widely believed to be the major antiproliferative mechanism of DNA damaging anticancer drugs in other cell types, and a large number of laboratories have studied drug-induced acute apoptosis (within 24 hours) of carcinoma cells. It is, however, often overlooked that induction(More)
The lysosomal apoptosis pathway is a potentially interesting therapeutic target. Since apoptosis involving the lysosomal pathway has been described to involve cathepsins, we screened a drug library for agents that induce cathepsin-dependent apoptosis. Using pharmacological inhibitors and siRNA, we identified 2 structurally related agents (NSC687852 and(More)
BACKGROUND Intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) is a key element in apoptotic signaling and a number of calcium-dependent apoptosis pathways have been described. We here used a chemical biology strategy to elucidate the relative importance of such different pathways. RESULTS A set of 40 agents ("bioprobes") that induce apoptosis was first identified by(More)
Phosphorylation of BCL-2 family member BAD at different residues triggers different physiological effects, either inhibiting or promoting apoptosis. The recently identified phosphorylation site at Ser-128 enhances the apoptotic activity of BAD. We here show that BAD becomes phosphorylated at Ser-128 in the mitotic phase of the cell cycle in NIH3T3 cells. We(More)