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Stromal cells isolated from bone marrow (BMSCs), often referred to as mesenchymal stem cells, are currently under investigation for a variety of therapeutic applications. However, limited data are available regarding receptors that can influence their homing to and positioning within the bone marrow. In the present study, we found that second passage BMSCs(More)
It is largely unknown how hematopoietic progenitors are positioned within specialized niches of the bone marrow microenvironment during development. Chemokines such as CXCL12, previously called stromal cell-derived factor 1, are known to activate cell integrins of circulating leukocytes resulting in transient adhesion before extravasation into tissues.(More)
Complement has recently been implicated in developmental pathways and noninflammatory processes. The expression of various complement components and receptors has been shown in a wide range of circulating myeloid and lymphoid cells, but their role in normal hematopoiesis and stem cell homing has not yet been investigated. We report that normal human CD34(+)(More)
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive, rapidly metastasizing neoplasm. The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) is constitutively secreted by marrow stromal cells and plays a key role for homing of hematopoietic cells to the marrow. Here, we report that tumor cells from patients with SCLC express high levels of functional CXCR4(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive, rapidly metastazising neoplasm with a high propensity for marrow involvement. SCLC cells express high levels of functional CXCR4 receptors for the chemokine stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12). Adhesion of SCLC cells to extracellular matrix or accessory cells within the tumor microenvironment confers(More)
Microbes as well as immune complexes and other continuously generated inflammatory particles are efficiently removed from the human circulation by red blood cells (RBCs) through a process called immune-adherence clearance. During this process, RBCs use complement receptor 1 (CR1, CD35) to bind circulating complement-opsonized particles and transfer them to(More)
Although the SDF-1 (CXCL12)/CXCR4 axis is important for B-cell development, it is not yet clear to what extent CC chemokines might influence B lymphopoiesis. In the current study, we characterized CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) expression and function of primary progenitor B-cell populations in human bone marrow. CCR5 was expressed on all bone marrow B(More)
CXCL12-induced chemotaxis and adhesion to VCAM-1 decrease as B cells differentiate in the bone marrow. However, the mechanisms that regulate CXCL12/CXCR4-mediated signaling are poorly understood. We report that after CXCL12 stimulation of progenitor B cells, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and PI3K are inducibly recruited to raft-associated membrane domains.(More)
Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSC/P) reside in the bone marrow in distinct anatomic locations (niches) to receive growth, survival and differentiation signals. HSC/P localization and migration between niches depend on cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, which result from the cooperation of cytokines, chemokines and adhesion molecules. The(More)
The primary identified function of complement receptor 1 (CR1/CD35) on primate erythrocytes is to bind complement-tagged inflammatory particles including microbes and immune complexes. When erythrocytes circulate through liver and spleen, sinusoidal phagocytes remove CR1-adherent particles and erythrocytes return to the circulation. This process of immune(More)