Aleksandra Jotic

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BACKGROUND The prevalence and socioeconomic burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and associated co-morbidities are rising worldwide. AIMS This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for preventing T2DM. METHODS A European multidisciplinary consortium systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of screening and interventions for T2DM(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Huntington disease (HD) develop diabetes mellitus more often than do matched healthy controls. Recent studies in neurodegenerative diseases suggested that insulin resistance constitutes a metabolic stressor that interacts with a preexisting neurobiological template to induce a given disorder. OBJECTIVE To investigate possible(More)
CONTEXT Plasma ghrelin concentration is diminished in gastrectomized patients. Acute ghrelin administration reduces insulin secretion, whereas insulin infusion has been shown to decrease ghrelin levels. Whether ghrelin has any effect on glucose utilization in humans is unknown. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to reveal the effect of ghrelin on(More)
Increased body weight as well as type 2 diabetes (T2D) are found to be associated with increased incidence of hypertension, although the mechanisms facilitating hypertension in T2D or nondiabetic individuals are not clear. Therefore, in this study we compared the levels of insulin resistance (IR:OGIS), plasma insulin (PI:RIA) levels, and pro-inflammatory(More)
This study was aimed at investigating daily fluctuation of PAI-1 levels in relation to insulin resistance (IR) and daily profile of plasma insulin and glucose levels in 26 type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (group A), 10 T2D patients without CAD (group B), 12 nondiabetics with CAD (group C), and 12 healthy controls (group D).(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a controversial clinical entity that in its initial state is usually characterized by left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus that cannot be explained by coronary artery disease, hypertension, or any other known cardiac disease. It was reported in up to 52–60% of well-controlled type-II diabetic(More)
We have recently shown an impairment in insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in normoglycemic patients with Huntington disease (HD). To investigate whether such observations are HD-specific or may be common to other polyglutamine diseases, glucose homeostasis was studied in 12 unrelated, untreated normoglycemic patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type(More)
BACKGROUND The marked increase of type 2 diabetes necessitates active development and implementation of efficient prevention programs. A European level action has been taken by launching the IMAGE project to unify and improve the various prevention management concepts, which currently exist within the EU. This report describes the background and the methods(More)
The purpose of this study was to detect Candida spp. on the tongue and in the subgingival sites in healthy and type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), and to compare the accuracy of sampling methods. This study included 131 patients divided into four groups: healthy control (group A), nondiabetics + CP (Group B), diabetics with good(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Some studies document relationships of the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with individual components of the diet, but studies exploring relationships with patterns of eating are lacking. This observational study aimed to explore a possible relationship between the incidence of GDM and the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet)(More)