Aleksandra Dragičević

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BACKGROUND Venlafaxine (V) is a mixed serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor used as a first-line treatment of depressive disorders. It is metabolized primarily by the highly polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme CYP2D6 to yield a pharmacologically active metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV), and to a lesser extent by CYP3A4, to yield(More)
Typical antipsychotic drugs qualify for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) primarily for the following reasons: control of compliance and avoidance of extrapyramidal side effects by keeping chronic exposure to minimal effective blood levels. For the atypical antipsychotic clozapine, drug safety is another reason to use TDM. With regard to the new(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the long and widespread use of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), standardized reliability studies in inexperienced raters are not available. METHODS Rater training was carried using three videotaped interviews with depressed patients in 21 psychiatric novices who had negligible previous experience with the HAMD.(More)
INTRODUCTION Melperone, a butyrophenone neuroleptic, is frequently used for its sleep-inducing properties. Despite its common use for more than 30 years, it is not yet characterized regarding its effects on cytochrome P450 s (CYPs). In an open pilot study, effects of melperone on the steady-state blood levels of venlafaxine, a recently introduced serotonin-(More)
This evaluation focuses on polymorphisms of the cytochrome-P450 (CYP) isoenzymes 2C9, 2C19 and 2D6 and their association with plasma concentrations within a typical clinical setting. Side effects and treatment response were analysed in an exploratory approach in poor and ultra-rapid metabolisers. We analysed 136 Caucasian depressed inpatients treated with(More)
INTRODUCTION Both the serotonin transporter promotor polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and serum concentrations of SSRIs have been shown to affect response to SSRIs. Results, however, are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate whether remission or response to SSRIs is influenced by an interaction of 5-HTTLPR and SSRI serum concentrations. METHODS 49(More)
Imaging studies have shown that serum concentrations of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor citalopram correlate with serotonin transporter (5-HTT) occupancy in vivo. In patients with major depressive disorders treated with citalopram, 80% 5-HTT occupancy was considered to be necessary for maximal therapeutic effects, which requires citalopram serum(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) is established in the treatment of depression to optimize outcome and safety. However, there are few reports on TDM under naturalistic clinical conditions. In the present study, we investigated a TDM group (TDM) and a randomly assigned parallel group without TDM (no-TDM) while on TCA(More)
Mirtazapine belongs to the new generation of antidepressants that is commonly used in clinical routine. Therefore, we feel it mandatory to control compliance in the context of non-response, adverse events or other clinical situations by means of plasma concentration measurements. While controlled clinical studies have evaluated the effect of individual(More)
BACKGROUND For patients treated with citalopram, it was recently shown that serum concentrations above 50 ng/mL on day 7 of treatment are associated with an improved therapeutic outcome. The aim of this post hoc analysis was to calculate a potential cost-effectiveness of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) considering costs for hospitalization, medication,(More)