Aleksander S Shashkov

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A fucoidan containing L-fucose, sulfate, and O-acetyl groups at a molar ratio 3:2:1, as well as minor amounts of xylose, galactose, and uronic acids was isolated from the brown alga Analipus japonicus collected in the Sea of Japan. The structures of the native polysaccharide and the products of its desulfation and deacetylation were studied by the methods(More)
The rough-type lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the plague pathogen, Yersinia pestis, was studied after mild-acid and strong-alkaline degradations by chemical analyses, NMR spectroscopy and electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, and the following structure of the core region was determined:where L-alpha-D-Hep stands for L-glycero-alpha-D-manno-heptose, Sug1(More)
The subject of the present review is the structural diversity and abundance of cell wall teichuronic and teichulosonic acids of representatives of the order Actinomycetales. Recently found teichulosonic acids are a new class of natural glycopolymers with ald-2-ulosonic acid residues: Kdn (3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid) or di-N-acyl(More)
The yeast Trichosporon porosum suppresses growth of ascomycetes and basidiomycetes belonging to 52 genera. It is due to secretion of a thermostable fungicidal agent. The suppression was maximal at pH 3.5–4.0. Fungicidal preparation obtained from the culture broth was shown to be a mixture of cellobiosides of dihydrodecane acid with different degree of(More)
The cell walls of Microbispora mesophila strain Ac-1953T (the family Streptosporangiaceae) and Thermobifida fusca Ac-1952T (the family Nocardiopsaceae) were found to contain teichoic acids of a poly(glycerol phosphate) nature. The teichoic acid of M. mesophila (formerly Thermomonospora mesophila) represents a 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) containing 5% of(More)
The cell wall of Streptomyces sp. VKM Ac-2534, the causative agent of common scab in potato tubers, which does not synthesize thaxtomin and is phylogenetically close to phytopathogen Streptomyces setonii sp. ATCC 25497, contains two anionic carbohydrate-containing polymers. The major polymer is teichuronic acid, whose repeating unit is disaccharide →(More)
The structures of cell wall anionic carbohydrate-containing polymers in Streptomyces melanosporofaciens VKM Ac-1864T and phylogenetically close organisms—S. hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus VKM Ac-831T, S. violaceusniger VKM Ac-583T, S. endus VKM Ac-1331T, S. endus VKM Ac-129, and S. rutgersensis subsp. castelarensis VKM Ac-832T—have been comparatively(More)
The O-specific polysaccharide chains (O-antigens) of the lipopolysaccharides of five Proteus strains, P. vulgaris O17, P. mirabilis O16 and O33, and P. penneri 31 and 103, were found to contain phosphate groups that link the non sugar components, e.g., ethanolamine and ribitol. The polysaccharides of P. mirabilis O16 and P. penneri 103 include ribitol(More)
Structures of five new O-specific polysaccharides of Proteus bacteria were established. Four of them, Proteus penneri 4 (O72), Proteus vulgaris 63/57 (O37), Proteus mirabilis TG 277 (O69), and Proteus penneri 20 (O17), contain O-acetyl groups in non-stoichiometric quantities, and the polysaccharide of P. penneri 1 is structurally related to that of P.(More)
Arabinogalactan and pectin (named silenan) were isolated from Silene vulgaris (M.) G. callus. Fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and digestion with pectinase demonstrated that silenan from S. vulgaris callus (80% of D-galacturonic acid) and silenan from the aerial part of the campion S. vulgaris are similar: both pectins contain(More)