Aleksander F. Sikorski

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It is well documented that activation of calpain, a calcium-sensitive cysteine protease, marks the pathology of naturally and experimentally occuring neurodegenerative conditions. Calpain-mediated proteolysis of major membrane-skeletal protein, αII-spectrin, results in the appearance of two unique and highly stable breakdown products, which is an early(More)
The review is focused on the domain structure and function of protein 4.1, one of the proteins belonging to the membrane skeleton. The protein 4.1 of the red blood cells (4.1R) is a multifunctional protein that localizes to the membrane skeleton and stabilizes erythrocyte shape and membrane mechanical properties, such as deformability and stability, via(More)
We have established a new binding assay in which 125I-labeled synaptic vesicles are incubated with brain spectrin covalently immobilized on cellulosic membranes in a microfiltration apparatus. We obtained saturable, high affinity, salt- (optimum at 50-70 mM NaCl) and pH- (optimum at pH 7.5-7.8) dependent binding. Nonlinear regression analysis of the binding(More)
The studies on binding of erythrocyte spectrin to frozen and thawed phospholipid liposomes and its inhibition by ankyrin were performed. It was found that ankyrin inhibited up to 60% binding of spectrin by phosphatidylethanolamine/phosphatidylcholine vesicles. It was able to dissociate up to 40% of spectrin from this complex. Ankyrin inhibition of binding(More)
We demonstrate that phospholipid vesicles affect the intrinsic fluorescence of isolated brain spectrin. In the present studies we tested the effects of vesicles prepared from phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) alone, in addition to vesicles containing PtdCho mixed with other phospholipids [phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) and phosphatidylserine] as well as from(More)
The object of this paper is to review briefly the studies on the interaction of red blood cell membrane skeletal proteins and their non-erythroid analogues with lipids in model systems as well as in natural membranes. An important question to be addressed is the physiological significance and possible regulatory molecular mechanisms in which these(More)
This review focuses on structure and functions of spectrin as a major component of the membrane skeleton. Recent advances on spectrin function as an interface for signal transduction mediation and a number of data concerning interaction of spectrin with membrane channels, adhesion molecules, receptors and transporters draw a picture of multifaceted protein.(More)
It is generally accepted that successful gene therapy depends on two major factors: tumor-specific expression of a therapeutic gene and the efficient transfer of a therapeutic gene to tumor cells. For gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (GDEPT) involving Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (CD) and 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), several tumor-specific promoters(More)
Palmitoylation is one of the most common posttranslational lipid modifications of proteins and we now know quite a lot about it. However, the state of knowledge about the enzymes that catalyze this process is clearly insufficient. This review is focused on 23 human DHHC genes and their products - protein palmitoyltransferases. Here we describe mainly the(More)