Aleksander Edelman

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The significance of the "leaky" tight junction might be understood better if cells of the epithelial monolayer possessed mechanisms to regulate molecular flow through the junction. To test this possibility, Necturus gallbladder, a representative leaky epithelium, was studied before, during, and after mucosal exposure to plant cytokinins and two other(More)
Chloride channels were previously purified from bovine kidney cortex membranes using a drug affinity column. Reconstitution of the purified proteins into artificial liposomes and planar bilayers yielded chloride channels. A 64-kDa protein, p64, identified as a component of this chloride channel was used to generate antibodies which depleted solubilized(More)
To assess the mechanism(s) by which intraluminal chloride concentration is raised above equilibrium values, intracellular Cl− activity (α i Cl ) was studied in the proximal tubule ofNecturus kidney. Paired measurements of cell membrane PD (V BL) and Cl-selective electrode PD (V BL Cl ) were performed in single tubules, during reversible shifts of(More)
Chloride channels mediate absorption and secretion of fluid in epithelia, and the regulation of these channels is now known to be defective in cystic fibrosis. Indanyl-oxyacetic acid 94 (IAA-94) is a high-affinity ligand for the chloride channel, and an affinity resin based on that structure was developed. Solubilized proteins from kidney and trachea(More)
The electrical properties of the proximal tubule of the in vivo Necturus kidney were investigated by injecting current (as rectangular waves) into the lumen or into the epithelium of single tubules and by studying the resulting changes of transepithelial (VL) and/or cell membrane potential (VC) at various distances from the source. In some experiments(More)
The ubiquitous ClC-2 Cl(-) channel is thought to contribute to epithelial Cl(-) secretion, but the distribution of the ClC-2 protein in human epithelia has not been investigated. We have studied the distribution of ClC-2 in adult human and rat intestine and airways by immunoblotting and confocal microscopy. In the rat, ClC-2 was present in the lateral(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, resulting in defective transepithelial Cl- transport. The regulation of CF gene expression is not fully understood. We report that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), but not IFN-alpha or -beta, downregulates CFTR mRNA levels in two colon-derived epithelial cell(More)
1. Hyperpolarization-activated Cl- currents (ICl,hyp) were investigated in the T84 human adenocarcinoma cell line, using the patch-clamp whole-cell configuration. 2. During whole-cell recording with high-chloride and ATP-containing internal solutions, hyperpolarizing jumps from a holding potential of 0 mV elicited slow inward current relaxations, carried by(More)
We have previously screened the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and identified new disease-causing mutations. C225R and R1066C are both associated with pancreatic insufficiency, but the former mutation is associated with mild and unusual lung disease, whereas the latter is associated with severe lung disease. In the present(More)
The mammalian chloride channel ClC-2 is a member of the CLC voltage-gated chloride channels family. This broadly expressed protein shows diverse cellular locations and despite numerous studies, its precise function is poorly understood. Disruption of ClC-2-encoding gene in mouse leads to retinal and testicular degeneration and mutations in CLC2 (gene(More)