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Transepithelial nasal potential difference (NPD) measurements assess ion conductance in the upper respiratory epithelium. NPD is useful in assisting in the diagnosis of classical and atypical cystic fibrosis (CF) and of cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)-related disorders, as well as for monitoring the effect of pharmacological agents and gene(More)
The most common mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, DeltaF508, causes retention of DeltaF508-CFTR in the endoplasmic reticulum and leads to the absence of CFTR Cl(-) channels in the plasma membrane. DeltaF508-CFTR retains some Cl(-) channel activity so increased expression of DeltaF508-CFTR in the plasma membrane(More)
The significance of the "leaky" tight junction might be understood better if cells of the epithelial monolayer possessed mechanisms to regulate molecular flow through the junction. To test this possibility, Necturus gallbladder, a representative leaky epithelium, was studied before, during, and after mucosal exposure to plant cytokinins and two other(More)
The almost ubiquitously expressed ClC-2 chloride channel is activated by hyperpolarization and osmotic cell swelling. Osmotic swelling also activates a different class of outwardly rectifying chloride channels, and several reports point to a link between protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of these channels. This study examines the possibility(More)
BACKGROUND Treatments designed to correct cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) defects must first be evaluated in preclinical experiments in the mouse model of cystic fibrosis (CF). Mice nasal mucosa mimics the bioelectric defect seen in humans. The use of nasal potential difference (V(TE)) to assess ionic transport is a powerful test(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, resulting in defective transepithelial Cl- transport. The regulation of CF gene expression is not fully understood. We report that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), but not IFN-alpha or -beta, downregulates CFTR mRNA levels in two colon-derived epithelial cell(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis and vascular calcification (VC) progression in chronic kidney disease is favored by disturbances of mineral metabolism. We compared the effect of phosphate binder lanthanum (La) carbonate with sevelamer-HCl on atherosclerosis, VC and bone structure and function in mice with chronic renal failure (CRF). METHODS Apolipoprotein(More)
The ubiquitous ClC-2 Cl(-) channel is thought to contribute to epithelial Cl(-) secretion, but the distribution of the ClC-2 protein in human epithelia has not been investigated. We have studied the distribution of ClC-2 in adult human and rat intestine and airways by immunoblotting and confocal microscopy. In the rat, ClC-2 was present in the lateral(More)
Renal ammonium (NH3 + NH4+) transport is a key process for body acid-base balance. It is well known that several ionic transport systems allow NH4+ transmembrane translocation without high specificity NH4+, but it is still debated whether NH3, and more generally, gas, may be transported by transmembrane proteins. The human Rh glycoproteins have been(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, which acts as a chloride channel activated by cyclic AMP (cAMP). The most frequent mutation found in 70% of CF patients is F508del, while premature stop mutations are found in about 10% of patients. In vitro(More)