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We have determined the beta S haplotypes in 709 patients with sickle cell anemia, 30 with SC disease, 91 with S-beta-thalassemia, and in 322 Hb S heterozygotes from different countries. The methodology concerned the detection of mutations in the promoter sequences of the G gamma- and A gamma-globin genes through dot blot analysis of amplified DNA with(More)
We have compared the sequence of the 5' hypersensitive site-2 (5'-HS-2) of the locus control region (LCR) from a sickle cell anemia (SS) patient homozygous for haplotype 19 and with low levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), with the same sequence from an SS patient homozygous for haplotype 3 and with high levels of HbF. Several nucleotide variations were(More)
Alu sequences represent a specific human family of interspersed repetitive DNA, with a copy number in excess of 500,000 within the human genome. Alu repeats are rarely present in protein-coding regions of mature RNA, and only a few Alu insert mutations have been described so far. In this paper we present an Alu retroposition event in a family with a severe(More)
Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) is a ubiquitously expressed selenium-dependent enzyme that protects cells against oxidative damage by reducing hydrogen peroxide and a wide range of organic peroxides. Some epidemiological studies have correlated low GPX activity or particular GPX1 polymorphisms with enhanced risk of cancer, although these correlations have(More)
Prostate cancer continues to be the most frequently diagnosed neoplasm, and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in men. Oxidative stress may enhance prostatic carcinogenesis. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is the only known superoxide scavenger in mitochondria. It plays a key role in antioxidant defense as mitochondria are important(More)
We have analyzed the hemoglobin abnormalities in nearly 50 Albanian patients with a significant hemoglobinopathy and included 37 relatives in this study. Sickle cell anemia (SS) is a common disorder; all 15 sickle cell anemia patients had the complications expected for this disease. The βs haplotype was type 19 (Benin); α-thalassemia-2 was rare. Three(More)
OBJECTIVES We undertook the present study to investigate the possible alteration of oxidant/antioxidant status in the circulation of patients with prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. DESIGN AND METHODS Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), the enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase(More)
We describe the occurrence of a chromosome with a G----A mutation at position +22 relative to the Cap site that was found in five patients with beta-thalassemia. All patients had a common type of beta-thalassemia mutation on the second chromosome, namely the frameshift at codon 8 (-AA), the IVS-I-110 (G----A) and the IVS-II-1 (G----A) mutations. The beta(More)
In this paper we describe the distribution of some specific sequence differences in the 5' flanking regions of the A gamma- and G gamma-globin genes from 100 Black adult and 57 newborn SS patients from the southeastern United States, from 76 individuals with AS, S-beta-thal, SC, AC, or A-beta-thal, and from 31 normal individuals. Haplotypes for all adult(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was aimed to evaluate the oxidative/nitrosative stress status in prostate cancer (CaP) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). DESIGN AND METHODS 312 men from two different populations were included: 163 men from Macedonia (73 CaP patients, 67 BPH patients and 23 control subjects) and 149 men from Turkey (34 prostate cancer patients,(More)