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Comparative electroretinographic studies of the d-wave evoked with long duration photo stimuli in dark- and light-adapted fish species (three marine and three freshwater) were performed. At the end of prolonged photo-stimulation in scotopic conditions a negative d-wave appears in electroretinograms of dogfish shark, eel and goldfish diminishing and(More)
Efficient gene editing is essential to fully utilize human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in regenerative medicine. Custom endonuclease-based gene targeting involves two mechanisms of DNA repair: homology directed repair (HDR) and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). HDR is the preferred mechanism for common applications such knock-in, knock-out or precise(More)
Sperm DNA integrity is a sperm functional parameter of male fertility evaluation. Two parameters of sperm DNA integrity were observed: DNA damage expressed as DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and percentage of the DNA undamaged spermatozoa expressed as big halo. Halosperm test was used for sperm DNA integrity determination. The aim of this study was to(More)
The effects of H2O2 are widely studied in cell cultures and other in vitro systems. However, such investigations are performed with the assumption that H2O2 concentration is constant, which may not properly reflect in vivo settings, particularly in redox-turbulent microenvironments such as mitochondria. Here we introduced and tested a novel concept of(More)
Neuroendocrine secretory vesicles discharge their cargo in response to a stimulus, but the nature of this event is poorly understood. We studied the release of the pituitary hormone prolactin by hypotonicity, because this hormone also contributes to osmoregulation. In perfused rat lactotrophs, hypotonicity resulted in a transient increase followed by a(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurological disorder affecting upper and lower motoneurons. The transgenic ALS rat model (hSOD-1(G93A)) was used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study using a low field wide bore magnet. T2-weighted hyperintensities were observed in the brainstem, rubrospinal tract and vagus motor nuclei with(More)
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (e-5NT) is a cell-surface located, rate-limiting enzyme in the extracellular metabolism of ATP, catalyzing the final step of the conversion of AMP to adenosine. Since this enzyme shifts the balance from pro-inflammatory ATP to anti-inflammatory adenosine, it is considered to be an important regulator of inflammation. Although(More)
Astroglial cells represent the main line of defence against oxidative damage related to neurodegeneration. Therefore, protection of astroglia from an excess of reactive oxygen species could represent an important target of the treatment of such conditions. The aim of our study was to compare the abilities of glucose and fructose, the two monosaccharides(More)
Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) are ecto-enzymes catalyzing the first step of sequential hydrolysis of extracellular ATP to adenosine, as the final product. Among eight members of NTPDase family, NTPDases1–3 have been shown to be expressed in the brain. Although altered NTPDase expression has been observed in relation to cell death(More)
Short-term plasticity was studied on synapses to Purkinje cells (PC): paired-pulse facilitation in parallel fibers (PF) and paired-pulse depression in climbing fibers (CF). Both phenomena relate to synaptic strength. These forms of short-term plasticity were tested on cerebellar slices in rat by early postnatal synchronous stimulation of olivary neurons(More)