Alejandro de la Sierra

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We aimed to estimate the prevalence of resistant hypertension through both office and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a large cohort of treated hypertensive patients from the Spanish Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Registry. In addition, we also compared clinical features of patients with true or white-coat-resistant hypertension. In December(More)
BACKGROUND The objectives of this study were to characterize blood pressure (BP) in acute ischemic stroke and to determine its relationship with short-term functional outcome. METHODS We examined 24-h BP recordings in 434 patients with ischemic stroke (lacunar stroke [LS], n = 205; non-lacunar stroke [NLS], n = 229) and in 178 normotensive subjects.(More)
We evaluated the effect of oral calcium supplementation on blood pressure, calcium metabolism, and insulin resistance in essential hypertension. After receiving a standard diet with 500 mg of calcium per day during a 4-week period, 20 nondiabetic, essential hypertensive patients were randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive oral calcium(More)
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring has become useful in the diagnosis and management of hypertensive individuals. In addition to 24-hour values, the circadian variation of BP adds prognostic significance in predicting cardiovascular outcome. However, the magnitude of circadian BP patterns in large studies has hardly been noticed. Our aims were to(More)
We analyzed the association between salt sensitivity in essential hypertension and 8 genetic polymorphisms in 6 genes of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system. Seventy-one patients with essential hypertension were classified as salt sensitive or salt resistant by means of the 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) change to high salt intake. The(More)
BACKGROUND An association between midlife blood pressure levels and late-life cognitive impairment has been reported. Hypertension is one of the most important factors related to the presence of cerebral white matter lesions, which is a prognostic factor for the development of cognitive impairment. Studies have shown a relationship between white matter(More)
We evaluated the association between salt-sensitive hypertension and 3 different genetic polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system. Fifty patients with essential hypertension were classified as salt sensitive or salt resistant, depending on the presence or absence of a significant increase (P<0.05) in 24-hour ambulatory mean blood pressure (BP) after(More)
We studied the effectiveness of blood pressure (BP) control outside the clinic by using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) among a large number of hypertensive subjects treated in primary care centers across Spain. The sample consisted of 12 897 treated hypertensive subjects who had indications for ABPM. Office-based BP was calculated as the average of 2(More)
AIM There are limited data on the quality of treated blood pressure (BP) control during normal daily life, and in particular, the prevalence of 'masked uncontrolled hypertension' (MUCH) in people with treated and seemingly well-controlled BP is unknown. This is important because masked hypertension in 'treatment naïve' patients is associated with a high(More)
Several studies have shown that cessation of alcohol drinking reduces blood pressure (BP). However, attempts to reproduce these findings by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) have shown inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of 1 month of proven abstinence from alcohol on the 24-hour BP profile in heavy alcohol drinkers.(More)