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The authors assessed the relationship between ventricular enlargement, cortical atrophy, regional brain glucose metabolism, and neuropsychologic performance in 10 alcoholics and 10 control subjects. Regional brain glucose metabolism was measured with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and positron emission tomography (PET). Cortical atrophy and(More)
We evaluated the effect of the image acquisition parameters on the accuracy of the principal axes and surface-fitting techniques for three-dimensional image registration. Using two types of phantom objects, MR brain image and a mathematically defined ellipsoid, we simulated pairs of scans with known acquisition parameters, including longitudinal coverage,(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to assess the utility of MR-PET image coregistration to quantify dopamine D2 receptors in striatum. METHOD Twenty-nine normal subjects were investigated with PET and [11C]raclopride and with MRI. D2 receptors were quantified using the ratio of the distribution volume in striatum to that in cerebellum. Measures obtained using regions(More)
UNLABELLED Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) is a method for localizing differences in brain activation patterns without the need for anatomic predefined constraints. The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility of the patterns of activation obtained with SPM for baseline measures and for metabolic changes in response to lorazepam on a(More)
Because of the frequent association of cerebellar structural defects with schizophrenia, the authors reanalyzed the metabolic brain images of patients with chronic schizophrenia to assess if they had abnormalities in cerebellar metabolism. They used carbon-11-2-deoxyglucose and positron emission tomography to study 18 medicated patients with chronic(More)
The cerebral mechanisms underlying excess food intake in obese subjects are poorly understood. We used PET and 2-deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose to assess differences in regional brain metabolism between obese and lean subjects at rest. Brain metabolic images were analyzed using statistical parameter maps. We found that obese subjects have significantly higher(More)
The Ability of cocaine to block the dopamine transporter (DAT) in the nucleus accumbens, as well as its non-striatal and non-DAT actions, appears to be crucial for its reinforcing/rewardig effects. However, we have been unable to use PET and [11C]cocaine to map small regions with greater sensitivity due in part to the low specific to non-specific binding(More)
Model-based segmentation and analysis of brain images depends on anatomical knowledge which may be derived from conventional atlases. Classical anatomical atlases are based on the rigid spatial distribution provided by a single cadaver. Their use to segment internal anatomical brain structures in a high-resolution MR brain image does not provide any(More)
Several studies have reported olfactory deficits in schizophrenic patients. This study examines local cerebral metabolic rate within two cortical areas in eight normal men and eight schizophrenic men. A significantly greater degree of hypometabolism was observed in the schizophrenic men in the cortical area of the nondominant hemisphere that receives direct(More)
Using the two-dimensional Fourier transform and the brain's centroidal principal axis, a method is developed for the analysis of PET metabolic brain images without the use of predefined anatomic regions of interest. We applied the method to images from a group of 11 normal and 12 medicated schizophrenics tested under resting conditions and under a visual(More)