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The influence of the positron distance of flight in various human tissues on the spatial resolution in positron emission tomography (PET) was assessed for positrons from carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15, fluorine-18, gallium-68 and rubidium-82. The investigation was performed using the Monte Carlo code PENELOPE to simulate the transport of positrons within(More)
To estimate the maternal contribution of Native Americans to the human gene pool of Puerto Ricans--a population of mixed African, European, and Amerindian ancestry--the mtDNAs of two sample sets were screened for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) defining the four major Native American haplogroups. The sample set collected from people who(More)
Human pulmonary retention of 35 nm 99mTc-labeled carbonaceous particles, produced with a modified Technegas generator, was followed for 24 h using a gamma camera imaging technique. Nine healthy subjects and four asthmatics inhaled the test particles. Particle labeling stability was tested in vitro during 48 h. We also measured in vivo leaching in blood and(More)
This review article compares PET imaging performance with Gallium-68 ((68)Ga) and Fluorine-18 ((18)F). The literature on this topic is scarce; hence in order to complete the published data, Monte Carlo calculations, as well as phantom measurements, were carried out. The qualitative and quantitative differences between (68)Ga and (18)F imaging were evaluated(More)
Emission tomography provides three-dimensional, quantitative images of the distribution of radiotracers used to mark physiological, metabolic, or pathological processes. Quantitative single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) requires correction for the image-degrading effects due to photon attenuation and scatter. Phantom experiments have shown(More)
BACKGROUND The literature on ventilation (V) and lung perfusion (Q) distributions during general anesthesia and controlled mechanical ventilation in supine and prone position is contradictory. The authors aimed to investigate whether V, Q, and ventilation to perfusion ratio (V/Q ratio) matching in anesthetized and mechanically ventilated volunteers are(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Advances in management of patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have improved mortality rates but with a risk of increased pulmonary morbidity. The prognosis for CDH survivors remains difficult to predict owing to the lack of adequate methods. We used single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to measure the regional(More)
A quantitative dual-isotope single-photon emission tomography (SPET) technique for the assessment of lung ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q) using, respectively, technetium-99m labelled Technegas (140 keV) and indium-113m labelled macro-aggregated albumin (392 keV), is presented, validated and clinically tested in a healthy volunteer. In order to assess V, Q(More)
Ambient particles are believed to be a specific health hazard, although the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. There are data in the literature indicating fast and substantial systemic uptake of particles from the lung. The present authors have developed an improved method to produce ultrafine particles with more stable radiolabelling and(More)
We have developed a new quantitative single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) method that uses (113m)In-labeled albumin macroaggregates and Technegas ((99m)Tc) to estimate the distributions of regional ventilation and perfusion for the whole lung. The multiple inert-gas elimination technique (MIGET) and whole lung respiratory gas exchange were(More)