Alejandro P. Gutierrez

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In Atlantic salmon aquaculture, early sexual maturation represents a major problem for producers. This is especially true for grilse, which mature after one sea winter before reaching a desirable harvest weight, rather than after two sea winters. Salmon maturing as grilse have a much lower market value than later maturing individuals. For this reason, most(More)
Early sexual maturation is considered a serious drawback for Atlantic salmon aquaculture as it retards growth, increases production times and affects flesh quality. Although both growth and sexual maturation are thought to be complex processes controlled by several genetic and environmental factors, selection for these traits has been continuously(More)
Ferritin is the principal iron storage protein in the majority of living organisms. Its capacity to capture the toxic cellular iron in excess in a compact and safe manner, gives to this protein a key role in detoxification and iron storage. It has a main role in cellular homeostasis and in cellular defense against oxidative stress produced by the reactive(More)
ABSTRACT Development of Fusarium wilt in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) usually requires infections of plants by both Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum. In this study, the soil densities of M. incognita and F. oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum and the incidence of Fusarium wilt in three field sites were determined in 1982-1984.(More)
The pea aphidAcyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) and the blue alfalfa aphidA. kondoi Shinji are pests of alfalfaMedicago sativa L. worldwide. The parasitoidAphidium ervi Haliday attacks both species andA. smithi is host specific to pea aphid Experiments were conducted to determine the preference ofA. ervi forA. pisum andA. kondoi at three densities of hosts using(More)
A per capita model for the growth, development and reproduction of the coccinellid predatorRhizobius lophanthae (Blaisd) feeding on the oleander scale(Aspidiotus nerii Bouche (Homoptera: Diaspididae)) was developed. A thermal threshold for development of 9.4°C was found. Under conditions of unlimited food, the relationship of mass at time t + 1 to that at t(More)
Selective breeding practices in Atlantic salmon aquaculture have been carried out intensively since the 1970s. Along with the phenotypic improvement of fish, we expect to observe genomic regions showing evidence of selection for traits related to growth and age at sexual maturation, as well as traits involved in the domestication process. This is mainly(More)
Laboratory measurements of the functional response of adultCurinus coeruleus (Mulsant) to nymphs ofHeteropsylla cubana Crawford on filter paper and on leaves of different host plants showed a significant effect of these different substrates on nymph consumption at several different densities. Moreover, this effect may be explained by the influence of the(More)
48 SNP arrays are enabling tools for high-resolution studies of the genetic basis of 49 complex traits in farmed and wild animals. Oysters are of critical importance in many 50 regions from both an ecological and economic perspective, and oyster aquaculture 51 forms a key component of global food security. The aim of our study was to design a 52(More)
Natural enemies of the groundnut leaf miner,Aproaerema modicella (Deventer), were studied at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) located near Hyderabad in peninsular India. Hymenopterous parasitoids attacking leaf miner larvae were the most important group of natural enemies. Nine primary and eight secondary(More)