Alejandro Barrantes

Learn More
Anomalous protein aggregation is closely associated to age-related mental illness. Extraneuronal plaques, mainly composed of aggregated amyloid peptides, are considered as hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, this disease starts as a consequence of an abnormal processing of the amyloid precursor protein resulting in(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a form of senile mental disorder characterized by the presence of extracellular plaques, containing amyloid-beta (Abeta) as the main component. According to the amyloid hypothesis, an increase of extracellular Abeta production is in the origin of the aberrant plaques causing neuronal loss and dementia. However, a wealth of evidence(More)
We present a method to study the strength of layers of biological molecules in liquid medium. The method is based on the Friction Force Spectroscopy operation mode of the Atomic Force Microscope. It works by scratching the sample surface at different applied loads while registering the evolution of the sample topography and of the friction between probe and(More)
According to the amyloid hypothesis, abnormal processing of the β-amyloid precursor protein in Alzheimer's disease patients increases the production of β-amyloid toxic peptides, which, after forming highly aggregated fibrillar structures, lead to extracellular plaques formation, neuronal loss and dementia. However, a great deal of evidence has point to(More)
The effect of pH on the build-up of polyelectrolyte multilayers, PEMs, composed by poly-L-lysine and heparin onto two different substrates, silica and gold, has been studied by means of ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation, QCM-D. Ellipsometry results indicate that the dry mass grows exponentially with the number of layers, and that(More)
Intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, composed mainly of tau protein, and extracellular plaques, containing mostly amyloid-beta, are the two types of protein aggregates found upon autopsy within the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. Polymers of tau protein can also be found in other neurodegenerative disorders known as tauopathies. Tau is a highly(More)
Tau protein has been proposed as a trigger of Alzheimer's disease once it is hyperphosphorylated. However, the role that native tau forms play inside the neuronal nucleus remains unclear. In this work we present results concerning the interaction of tau protein with double-stranded DNA, single-stranded DNA, and also with a histone-DNA complex. The tau-DNA(More)
Two blue multicopper oxidases (MCOs) (viz. Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThLc) and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (MvBOx)) were immobilized on bare polycrystalline gold (Au) surfaces by direct adsorption from both dilute and concentrated enzyme solutions. The adsorption was studied in situ by means of null ellipsometry. Moreover, both enzyme-modified(More)
The adsorption of blood proteins, serum albumin (BSA), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and fibrinogen (FGN), onto model SiO2 planar surfaces coated with poly-l-lysine/heparin multilayers (PLL/HEP) has been investigated by means of ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation. Aiming at the development of low fouling coatings, this study has been(More)
Polyphenols can form functional coatings on a variety of different materials through auto-oxidative surface polymerization in a manner similar to polydopamine coatings. However, the mechanisms behind the coating deposition are poorly understood. We report the coating deposition kinetics of the polyphenol tannic acid (TA) and the simple phenolic compound(More)