Alejandra R. Álvarez

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Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an important component of cholinergic synapses, colocalizes with amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) deposits of Alzheimer's brain. We report here that bovine brain AChE, as well as the human and mouse recombinant enzyme, accelerates amyloid formation from wild-type A beta and a mutant A beta peptide, which alone produces few(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the direct activation of the Wnt signaling pathway by its endogenous Wnt-3a ligand prevents the toxic effects induced by amyloid-beta-peptide (Abeta) in rat hippocampal neurons. We report herein that the Wnt-3a ligand was indeed able to overcome toxic effects induced by Abeta in hippocampal neurons, including a(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which is probably caused by the cytotoxic effect of the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta). We report here molecular changes induced by Abeta, both in neuronal cells in culture and in rats injected in the dorsal hippocampus with preformed Abeta fibrils, as an in vivo model of the disease.(More)
The deposition and accumulation of amyloid-beta-peptide (Abeta) in the brain are considered a sine qua non for Alzheimer's disease. The experimental delivery of fibrilized Abeta serves as a cellular model for several facets of the disease including the induction of synaptic dysfunction and apoptosis. c-Abl kinase is involved in the regulation of apoptosis(More)
Current evidence supports the notion that the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) plays a major role in the neurotoxicity observed in the brain in Alzheimer's disease. However, the signal transduction mechanisms involved still remain unknown. In the present work, we analyzed the effect of protein kinase C (PKC) on some members of the Wnt signaling pathway and its(More)
There is evidence that amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) deposits or Abeta intermediates trigger pathogenic factors in Alzheimer's disease patients. We have previously reported that c-Abl kinase activation involved in cell signalling regulates the neuronal death response to Abeta fibrils (Abeta(f)). In the present study we investigated the therapeutic potential(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive dementia paralleled by selective neuronal death, which is probably caused by the cytotoxic effects of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta). We have observed that Abeta-dependent neurotoxicity induces a loss of function of Wnt signaling components and that activation of this signaling cascade prevent such cytotoxic(More)
Acetylcholinesterase is an enzyme associated with senile plaques. Biochemical studies have indicated that acetylcholinesterase induces amyloid fibril formation by interaction throughout the peripherical anionic site of the enzyme forming highly toxic acetylcholinesterase-amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) complexes. The pro-aggregating acetylcholinesterase effect(More)
Several recent studies have identified HIV-infected patients able to produce a broad neutralizing response, and the detailed analyses of their sera have provided valuable information to improve future vaccine design. All these studies have excluded patients on antiretroviral treatment and with undetectable viral loads, who have an improved B cell profile(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway regulates several fundamental developmental processes and recently has been shown to be involved in different aspects of synaptic differentiation and plasticity. Some Wnt signaling components are localized at central synapses, and it is thus possible that this pathway could be activated at the synapse. We examined the distribution(More)