Alejandra Mizala

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In this paper we analyze the effect of private voucher education on student academic performance using new data on Chilean students and a novel identification strategy. Most schools in Chile provide either primary or secondary education. We analyze the effect of private voucher education on students that are forced to enroll at a different school to attend(More)
This paper analyzes the socioeconomic stratification of achievement in the Chilean voucher systemusing a census of 4th and 8th graders, a multilevel methodology, and accounting for unobserved selectivity into school sector. Findings indicate that the association between the school’s aggregate family socioeconomic status (SES) and test scores is much greater(More)
This paper estimates the impact of private education on low-income students in Chile. We attempt to reduce selection bias by using reduced-tuition paying, lowincome students in private schools as the treatment group, based on our finding that these students were, to some extent, randomly selected out of the public school control group. Propensity score(More)
☆ For useful comments we are grateful to Ken Chay, E David Lee, Thomas Lemieux, Henry Levin, Bentley M Rockoff, Mark Rosenzweig, and an anonymous referee sole responsibility). For generous funding we thank th Studies at Columbia University, and Mizala thanks PIA⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: amizala@dii.uchile.cl (A. Mizala), m (M. Urquiola). 1(More)
Vouchers are one of the most discussed educational policies. However, little attention has been given to how the structure of specific vouchers affects the outcome of the system. This article examines Chile’s twenty years of experience with a flat voucher from the perspective of social inequality. When vouchers deliver the same resources to children from(More)
Teachers’ Salaries in Latin America: How Much Are They (Under or Over) Paid? This paper documents the extent to which teachers are underpaid vis-à-vis workers in other professional and technical occupations in Latin America circa 2007. These labor earnings differences, attributed to observable socio-demographic and job characteristics, are assessed using a(More)
Evolution of Teachers’ Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much Are They (Under or Over) Paid? How much are teachers paid in comparison to those in other professions in Latin America? How have these differences evolved at the turn of the 20 century? This paper reports the evolution, between circa 1997 and circa 2007, of teachers ́(More)
The aim of this study is to analyze female labor supply in Chile and explain its peculiarities: the difference between female and male participation, and the pattern of female participation rates according to household income levels. To analyze the factors that affect the behavior of the female labor participation rate, we first estimate a labor supply(More)