Learn More
When the length of the myocardium is increased, a biphasic response to stretch occurs involving an initial rapid increase in force followed by a delayed slow increase called the slow force response (SFR). Confirming previous findings involving angiotensin II in the SFR, it was blunted by AT1 receptor blockade (losartan). The SFR was accompanied by an(More)
The use of antagonists of the mineralocorticoid receptor in the treatment of myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure has gained increasing importance in the last years. The cardiac Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE-1) upregulation induced by aldosterone could account for the genesis of these pathologies. We tested whether aldosterone-induced NHE-1 stimulation(More)
The enhanced activity of the cardiac Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-1) after myocardial stretch is considered a key step of the intracellular signaling pathway leading to the slow force response to stretch as well as an early signal for the development of cardiac hypertrophy. We propose that the chain of events triggered by stretch begins with the release of small(More)
We have previously demonstrated the participation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the positive inotropic effect of a physiological concentration of Angiotensin II (Ang II, 1 nM). The objective of the present work was to evaluate the role and source of ROS generation in the positive inotropic effect produced by an equipotent concentration of endothelin-1(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists decrease morbidity and mortality in heart failure patients for whom oxidative stress is usual; however, the underlying mechanism for this protection is unclear. Since aldosterone stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in several tissues, we explored its effect and the intracellular pathway involved in(More)
The beneficial effect of phosphodiesterase 5A inhibition in ischemia/reperfusion injury and cardiac hypertrophy is well established. Inhibition of the cardiac Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE-1) exerts beneficial effects on these same conditions, and a possible link between these therapeutic strategies was suggested. Experiments were performed in isolated cat(More)
A field experiment was carried out over three seasons on Vitis vinifera cv. Tempranillo in order to compare pre-veraison and post-veraison water restrictions on vine performance and fruit composition. Rain-fed vines were compared with a treatment named MAX that was constantly irrigated at 75 % of the estimated crop evapotranspiration (ETc). In addition, an(More)
BACKGROUND The involvement of NHE-1 hyperactivity, critical for pathological cardiac hypertrophy (CH), in physiological CH has not been elucidated yet. Stimulation of NHE-1 increases intracellular Na(+) and Ca(2+) favouring calcineurin activation. Since myocardial stretch, an activator of NHE-1, is common to both types of CH, we speculate that NHE-1(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide, are being increasingly recognized as key components of a vast array of signaling pathways. Angiotensin II is a well-recognized stimulus for superoxide production through NADPH oxidase activation and opening of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mKATP). A role for this mechanism has(More)
  • 1