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OBJECTIVE Sodium-coupled transporters remove extracellular neurotransmitters and alterations in their function could enhance or suppress synaptic transmission and seizures. This study determined hippocampal gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate transporter immunoreactivity (IR) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients. METHODS Hippocampal sclerosis(More)
This study determined if hippocampal AMPA and NMDA subunit immunoreactivity (IR) in temporal lobe epilepsy patients was increased compared with nonseizure autopsies. Hippocampi from hippocampal sclerosis patients (HS; n = 26) and nonsclerosis cases (non-HS: n = 12) were compared with autopsies (n = 6) and studied for GluR1, GluR2/3, NMDAR1, and NMDAR2 IR(More)
This study was designed to determine whether hippocampal neuronal AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) and NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) mRNA levels were differentially increased in temporal lobe epilepsy patients compared with those measured in control tissue from non-seizure autopsies. Hippocampi from hippocampal sclerosis(More)
This study compared temporal lobe epilepsy patients, along with kindled animals and self sustained limbic status epilepticus (SSLSE) rats for parallels in hippocampal AMPA and NMDA receptor subunit expression. Hippocampal sclerosis patients (HS), non-HS cases, and autopsies were studied for: hippocampal AMPA GluR1-3 and NMDAR1&2b mRNA levels using in situ(More)
This study determined whether hippocampal kainate (KA) receptor mRNA levels were increased or decreased in temporal lobe epilepsy patients compared with nonseizure autopsies. Hippocampal sclerosis (HS; n = 17), nonsclerosis (non-HS; n = 11), and autopsy hippocampi (n = 9) were studied for KA1-2 and GluR5-7 mRNA levels using semiquantitative in situ(More)
This study characterizes changes occurring in the central histaminergic system associated with ischemia-reperfusion pathology in the rat. Specifically, after a postocclusion time period of 48 h, we have analyzed histamine H(1) receptor mRNA expression, histamine H(2) receptor protein amount and binding densities, and histamine H(3) receptor mRNA expression(More)
There is considerable controversy whether aberrant fascia dentata (FD) mossy fiber sprouting is an epiphenomena related to neuronal loss or a pathologic abnormality responsible for spontaneous limbic seizures. If mossy fiber sprouting contributes to seizures, then reorganized axon circuits should alter postsynaptic glutamate receptor properties. In the(More)
Experimental fluid-percussion models produce brain injury by rapidly injecting saline into the closed cranium of rats. In this study our purpose was to determine how the central histaminergic system, which controls excitability and neurotransmitter release through G-protein coupled receptors, is affected by the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury. We(More)
In rats, this study determined the impact of systemic hypoxia during late kainate-induced status epilepticus on hippocampal neuron loss and mossy fiber sprouting. Non-fasted Sprague Dawley rats were prepared as follows: Naive controls (n=5); rats placed 2 min in a hypoxia chamber (hypoxia only; n=6); rats that seized for more than 6 h from kainic acid(More)