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BACKGROUND N-terminal fragment of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a marker of both fluid volume overload and myocardial damage, and it has been useful as a predictor of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It has been suggested that continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is an important risk for mortality in dialysis patients. Extracellular fluid volume (ECFv) expansion, a condition commonly seen in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, may be associated with inflammation. However, published support for this relationship is scarce. OBJECTIVES To quantify the proportion of patients on PD with(More)
BACKGROUND Icodextrin-based solutions (ICO) have clinical and theoretical advantages over glucose-based solutions (GLU) in fluid and metabolic management of diabetic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients; however, these advantages have not yet been tested in a randomized fashion. OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of ICO on metabolic and fluid control in high(More)
The use of icodextrin as an osmotic agent in solutions for peritoneal dialysis (PD) has important cardiovascular effects related with better control of extracellular volume. Among them, reduction of arterial pressure and an improvement in echocardiographic parameters stand out. In diabetic patients, icodextrin has additional potential advantages related(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS An increasing number of studies have been published concerning meeting targets of clinical guidelines for different aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease. Most of these studies have shown that guideline recommendations are not always satisfied, and results outside target limits have been(More)
BACKGROUND Low thyroid hormone (TH) levels and myocardial damage are common in dialysis patients and are associated with mortality. However, little is known about the role of THs on myocardial damage as has been described in primary thyroid diseases. The aim of this study was to explore the potential relationship between low total triiodothyronine (total(More)
UNLABELLED INTRODUCTION Spectral analysis of heart rate variability is a noninvasive method for evaluating autonomic cardiovascular dysfunction under various clinical conditions, such as in dialysis patients, in whom an imbalance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system appears to be an important risk factor for sudden cardiovascular(More)
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