Aleixo M Muise

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The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are common causes of morbidity in children and young adults in the western world. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study in early-onset IBD involving 3,426 affected individuals and 11,963 genetically matched controls recruited through international(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen that can escape the phagosome and replicate in the cytosol of host cells during infection. We previously observed that a population (up to 35%) of L. monocytogenes strain 10403S colocalize with the macroautophagy marker LC3 at 1 h postinfection. This is thought to give rise to spacious Listeria-containing(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is required for cell growth and cell differentiation. In adipogenesis, MAPK activation opposes the differentiation process. The regulatory mechanisms or the cellular factors that regulate the switch between growth and differentiation in the adipogenic lineage have been largely unelucidated. We show here that AEBP1, a(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited deficiencies of IL-10 or IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) lead to immune dysregulation with life-threatening early-onset enterocolitis. OBJECTIVES We sought to gather clinical data of IL-10/IL-10R-deficient patients and devise guidelines for diagnosis and management, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE The NOX2 NADPH oxidase complex produces reactive oxygen species and plays a critical role in the killing of microbes by phagocytes. Genetic mutations in genes encoding components of the complex result in both X-linked and autosomal recessive forms of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Patients with CGD often develop intestinal inflammation that(More)
Intact interleukin-10 receptor (IL-10R) signaling on effector and T regulatory (Treg) cells are each independently required to maintain immune tolerance. Here we show that IL-10 sensing by innate immune cells, independent of its effects on T cells, was critical for regulating mucosal homeostasis. Following wild-type (WT) CD4(+) T cell transfer,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS RAC1 is a guanosine triphosphatase that has an evolutionarily conserved role in coordinating immune defenses, from plants to mammals. Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with dysregulation of immune defenses. We studied the role of RAC1 in inflammatory bowel diseases using human genetic and functional studies and animal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The colitis observed in patients with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEOIBD; defined as onset of disease at younger than 6 years of age) often resembles that of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) in extent and features of colonic inflammation observed by endoscopy and histology. CGD is a severe immunodeficiency caused by(More)
The adipocyte enhancer-binding protein (AEBP1) is a novel transcriptional repressor with carboxypeptidase activity. A two-hybrid screen was conducted to identify components of AEBP1 that might be important in regulating its activity. The gamma5 subunit of a heterotrimeric G protein was shown to bind specifically to AEBP1 and to attenuate its transcriptional(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Paris pediatric modification of the Montreal classification defines very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) as a form of IBD distinct from that of older children. We compared the incidence and outcomes of VEO-IBD with those of IBD in older children. METHODS We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of(More)